Advanced Beamforming for Distributed and Multi-Beam Networks

Thibault, Ilaria (2013) Advanced Beamforming for Distributed and Multi-Beam Networks, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Tecnologie dell'informazione, 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5344.
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Beamforming entails joint processing of multiple signals received or transmitted by an array of antennas. This thesis addresses the implementation of beamforming in two distinct systems, namely a distributed network of independent sensors, and a broad-band multi-beam satellite network. With the rising popularity of wireless sensors, scientists are taking advantage of the flexibility of these devices, which come with very low implementation costs. Simplicity, however, is intertwined with scarce power resources, which must be carefully rationed to ensure successful measurement campaigns throughout the whole duration of the application. In this scenario, distributed beamforming is a cooperative communication technique, which allows nodes in the network to emulate a virtual antenna array seeking power gains in the order of the size of the network itself, when required to deliver a common message signal to the receiver. To achieve a desired beamforming configuration, however, all nodes in the network must agree upon the same phase reference, which is challenging in a distributed set-up where all devices are independent. The first part of this thesis presents new algorithms for phase alignment, which prove to be more energy efficient than existing solutions. With the ever-growing demand for broad-band connectivity, satellite systems have the great potential to guarantee service where terrestrial systems can not penetrate. In order to satisfy the constantly increasing demand for throughput, satellites are equipped with multi-fed reflector antennas to resolve spatially separated signals. However, incrementing the number of feeds on the payload corresponds to burdening the link between the satellite and the gateway with an extensive amount of signaling, and to possibly calling for much more expensive multiple-gateway infrastructures. This thesis focuses on an on-board non-adaptive signal processing scheme denoted as Coarse Beamforming, whose objective is to reduce the communication load on the link between the ground station and space segment.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Thibault, Ilaria
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze e ingegneria dell'informazione
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
8 Maggio 2013

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