Design and synthesis of multipotent drugs: application to Alzheimer's disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia

Maestri, Valentina (2013) Design and synthesis of multipotent drugs: application to Alzheimer's disease and benign prostatic hyperplasia , [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze farmaceutiche, 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5280.
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The aim of this thesis was to synthesize multipotent drugs for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), two diseases that affect the elderly. AD is a neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized, among other factors, by loss of cholinergic neurons. Selective activation of M1 receptors through an allosteric site could restore the cholinergic hypofunction, improving the cognition in AD patients. We describe here the discovery and SAR of a novel series of quinone derivatives. Among them, 1 was the most interesting, being a high M1 selective positive allosteric modulator. At 100 nM, 1 triplicated the production of cAMP induced by oxotremorine. Moreover, it inhibited AChE and it displayed antioxidant properties. Site-directed mutagenesis experiments indicated that 1 acts at an allosteric site involving residue F77. Thus, 1 is a promising drug because the M1 activation may offer disease-modifying properties that could address and reduce most of AD hallmarks. BPH is an enlargement of the prostate caused by increased cellular growth. Blockade of α1-ARs is the predominant form of medical therapy for the treatment of the symptoms associated with BPH. α1-ARs are classified into three subtypes. The α1A- and α1D-AR subtypes are predominant in the prostate, while α1B-ARs regulate the blood pressure. Herein, we report the synthesis of quinazoline-derivatives obtained replacing the piperazine ring of doxazosin and prazosin with (S)- or (R)-3-aminopiperidine. The presence of a chiral center in the 3-C position of the piperidine ring allowed us to exploit the importance of stereochemistry in the binding at α1-ARs. It turned out that the S configuration at the 3-C position of the piperidine increases the affinity of the compounds at all three α1-AR subtypes, whereas the configuration at the benzodioxole ring of doxazosin derivatives is not critical for the interaction with α1-ARs.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Maestri, Valentina
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Alzheimer's disease, M1 muscarinic receptors, allosteric ligands, benign prostatic hyperplasia, quinazoline derivatives, multicomponent reactions.
Data di discussione
30 Aprile 2013

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