Photoinduced electronic transitions and leakage correlation to defects/dislocations in GaN heterostructures

Pandey, Saurabh (2013) Photoinduced electronic transitions and leakage correlation to defects/dislocations in GaN heterostructures, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica, 25 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/5190.
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III-nitride materials are very promising for high speed electronics/optical applications but still suffer in performance due to problems during high quality epitaxial growth, evolution of dislocation and defects, less understanding of fundamental physics of materials/processing of devices etc. This thesis mainly focus on GaN based heterostructures to understand the metal-semiconductor interface properties, 2DE(H)G influence on electrical and optical properties, and deep level states in GaN and InAlN, InGaN materials. The detailed electrical characterizations have been employed on Schottky diodes at GaN and InAl(Ga)N/GaN heterostructures in order to understand the metal-semiconductor interface related properties in these materials. I have observed the occurrence of Schottky barrier inhomogenity, role of dislocations in terms of leakage and creating electrically active defect states within energy gap of materials. Deep level transient spectroscopy method is employed on GaN, InAlN and InGaN materials and several defect levels have been observed related to majority and minority carriers. In fact, some defects have been found common in characteristics in ternary layers and GaN layer which indicates that those defect levels are from similar origin, most probably due to Ga/N vacancy in GaN/heterostructures. The role of structural defects, roughness has been extensively understood in terms of enhancing the reverse leakage current, suppressing the mobility in InAlN/AlN/GaN based high electron mobility transistor (HEMT) structures which are identified as key issues for GaN technology. Optical spectroscopy methods have been employed to understand materials quality, sub band and defect related transitions and compared with electrical characterizations. The observation of 2DEG sub band related absorption/emission in optical spectra have been identified and proposed for first time in nitride based polar heterostructures, which is well supported with simulation results. In addition, metal-semiconductor-metal (MSM)-InAl(Ga)N/GaN based photodetector structures have been fabricated and proposed for achieving high efficient optoelectronics devices in future.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Pandey, Saurabh
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze matematiche, fisiche ed astronomiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
III-Nitrides, GaN high electron mobility transistors (HEMT), carrier gas, sub bands, dislocations, defects, leakage current, mobility mechanims
Data di discussione
21 Febbraio 2013

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