Understanding The Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance in Strawberry Cultivars and in HvTPK1-Overexpressed Barley

Alnayef, Mohammad (2012) Understanding The Physiological, Biochemical, and Molecular Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance in Strawberry Cultivars and in HvTPK1-Overexpressed Barley, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze agroambientali, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4888.
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The research was carried out to investigate of main elements of salt stress response in two strawberry cultivars, Elsanta and Elsinore. Plants were grown under 0, 10, 20 and 40 mM NaCl for 80 days. Salinity dramatically affected growth in both cultivars, although Elsinore appeared to be more impaired than Elsanta. Moreover a significant reduction of leaf photosynthesis, evaporation, and stomatal conductance was recorded 24 hrs after the stress was applied in both cultivars, whereas physiological functions were differentially restored after acclimation. However, cv. Elsanta had more efficient leaf gas exchange and water status than cv. Elsinore. In general, Fruit yield reduced upon salinization, wheares fruit quality concerning fruit taste, aroma, appearance, total soluble solids and titratable acidity, did not change but rather was enhanced under moderate salinity. On the other hand fruit quality was impaired at severe salt stress. Fruit antioxidant content and antioxidant capacity were enhanced significantly by increasing salt concentration in both cultivars. The oxidative effects of the stress were defined by the measures of some enzymatic activities and lipid peroxidation. Consistently, an increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxide dismutase (POD) enzymes and higher content of proline and soluble proteins were observed in cv. Elsinore than in cv. Elsanta. The increase coincided with a decrease in lipid peroxidation. The research confirmed that although strawberry cultivars were sensitive to salinity, difference between cultivars exist; The experiment revealed that cv. Elsanta could stand severe salt stress, which was lethal to cv. Elsinore. The parameters measured in the previous experiment were proposed as early screening tools for the salt stress response in nine strawberry genotypes. The results showed that, wheares Elsanta and Elsinore cultivars had a lower dry weight reduction at 40 mM NaCl among cultivars, Naiad, Kamila, and Camarosa were the least salt-sensitive cultivars among the screened.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Alnayef, Mohammad
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze agrarie
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
salinity, strawberry, stomatal conductance, fruit quality, antioxidants systems
Data di discussione
14 Giugno 2012

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