Characterization of novel probiotics and prebiotics

Maccaferri, Simone (2012) Characterization of novel probiotics and prebiotics, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biologia cellulare, molecolare e industriale/cellular, molecular and industrial biology: progetto n. 3 Microbiologia e biotecnologie industriali, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4678.
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The role of the human gut microbiota in impacting host’s health has been widely studied in the last decade. Notably, it has been recently demonstrated that diet and nutritional status are among the most important modifiable determinants of human health, through a plethora of presumptive mechanisms among which microbiota-mediated processes are thought to have a relevant role. At present, probiotics and prebiotics represent a useful dietary approach for influencing the composition and activity of the human gut microbial community. The present study is composed of two main sections, aimed at elucidating the probiotic potential of the yeast strain K. marxianus B0399, as well as the promising putative prebiotic activity ascribable to four different flours, naturally enriched in dietary fibres content. Here, by in vitro studies we demonstrated that K. marxianus B0399 possesses a number of beneficial and strain-specific properties desirable for a microorganism considered for application as a probiotics. Successively, we investigated the impact of a novel probiotic yoghurt containing B. animalis subsp. lactis Bb12 and K. marxianus B0399 on the gut microbiota of a cohort of subjects suffering from IBS and enrolled in a in vivo clinical study. We demonstrated that beneficial effects described for the probiotic yoghurt were not associated to significant modifications of the human intestinal microbiota. Additionally, using a colonic model system we investigated the impact of different flours (wholegrain rye and wheat, chickpeas and lentils 50:50, and barley milled grains) on the intestinal microbiota composition and metabolomic output, combining molecular and cellular analysis with a NMR metabolomics approach. We demonstrated that each tested flour showed peculiar and positive modulations of the intestinal microbiota composition and its small molecule metabolome, thus supporting the utilisation of these ingredients in the development of a variety of potentially prebiotic food products aimed at improving human health.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Maccaferri, Simone
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Probiotics; prebiotics; gut microbiota; fibres
Data di discussione
27 Aprile 2012

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