Characterization and exploiment of Microbial Strains to be used in Meat Processing and Fermentation

Dei Più, Lucilla (2012) Characterization and exploiment of Microbial Strains to be used in Meat Processing and Fermentation, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e biotecnologie degli alimenti, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4523.
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The principal aim of this research project has been the evaluation of the specific role of yeasts in ripening processes of dry-cured meat products, i.e. speck and in salami produced by adding Lactobacilli starter cultures, i.e. L. sakei, L. casei, L. fermentum, L. rhamnosus, L.sakei + S.xylosus. In particular the contribution of the predominant yeasts to the hydrolytic patterns of meat proteins has been studied both in model system and in real products. In fact, although several papers have been published on the microbial, enzymatic, aromatic and chemical characterization of dry-cured meat e.g. ham over ripening, the specific role of yeasts has been often underestimated. Therefore this research work has been focused on the following aspects: 1. Characterization of the yeasts and lactic acid bacteria in samples of speck produced by different farms and analyzed during the various production and ripening phases 2. Characterization of the superficial or internal yeasts population in salami produced with or without the use of lactobacilli as starter cultures 3. Molecular characterization of different strains of yeasts and detection of the dominant biotypes able to survive despite environmental stress factors (such as smoke, salt) 4. Study of the proteolytic profiles of speck and salami during the ripening process and comparison with the proteolytic profiles produced in meat model systems by a relevant number of yeasts isolated from speck and salami 5. Study of the proteolytic profiles of Lactobacilli starter cultures in meat model systems 6. Comparative statistical analysis of the proteolytic profiles to find possible relationships between specific bands and peptides and specific microorganisms 7. Evaluation of the aromatic characteristics of speck and salami to assess relationships among the metabolites released by the starter cultures or the dominant microflora

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Dei Più, Lucilla
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze agrarie
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
25 Maggio 2012

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