Expression profiling in developing peach seed and mesocarp as affected by growth regulators

Ruiz Carrasco, Karina Beatriz (2012) Expression profiling in developing peach seed and mesocarp as affected by growth regulators , [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Colture arboree ed agrosistemi forestali ornamentali e paesaggistici, 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4361.
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Jasmonates (JAs) and spermidine (Sd) influence fruit (and seed) development and ripening. In order to unravel their effects in peach fruit, at molecular level, field applications of methyl jasmonate (MJ) and propyl dihydrojasmonate (PDJ), and Sd were performed at an early developmental stage (late S1). At commercial harvest, JA-treated fruit were less ripe than controls. Realtime RT-PCR analyses confirmed a down-regulation of ethylene biosynthetic, perception and signaling genes, and flesh softening-related genes. The expression of cell wall-related genes, of a sugar-transporter and hormone-related transcript levels was also affected by JAs. Seeds from JA-treated fruit showed a shift in the expression of developmental marker genes suggesting that the developmental program was probably slowed down, in agreement with the contention that JAs divert resources from growth to defense. JAs also affected phenolic content and biosynthetic gene expression in the mesocarp. Levels of hydroxycinnamic acids, as well as those of flavan-3-ols, were enhanced, mainly by MJ, in S2. Transcript levels of phenylpropanoid pathway genes were up-regulated by MJ, in agreement with phenolic content. Sd-treated fruits at harvest showed reduced ethylene production and flesh softening. Sd induced a short-term and long-term response patterns in endogenous polyamines. At ripening the up-regulation of the ethylene biosynthetic genes was dramatically counteracted by Sd, leading to a down-regulation of softening-related genes. Hormone-related gene expression was also altered both in the short- and long-term. Gene expression analyses suggest that Sd interfered with fruit development/ripening by interacting with multiple hormonal pathways and that fruit developmental marker gene expression was shifted ahead in accord with a developmental slowing down. 24-Epibrassinolide was applied to Flaminia peaches under field conditions early (S1) or later (S3) during development. Preliminary results showed that, at harvest, treated fruit tended to be larger and less mature though quality parameters did not change relative to controls.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Ruiz Carrasco, Karina Beatriz
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze agrarie
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Phytohormones, Jasmonates, Polyamines, Brassinosteroids, Peach, fruit, development, ripening.
Data di discussione
17 Aprile 2012

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