Stereotactict body radiotherapy (SBRT)

Cecconi, Agnese (2012) Stereotactict body radiotherapy (SBRT), [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Oncologia e patologia sperimentale: progetto n. 1 "Oncologia", 24 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/4317.
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Purpose: evaluation and comparison of volumetric modulated RapidarcTM radiotherapy (RA-IMRT) vs linac based Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the salvage treatment of isolated lymph node recurrences in patients affected by gynaecological cancer. Materials and Methods From January 2010 to September 2011, 15 patients affected by isolated lymph nodes recurrence of gynaecological cancer underwent salvage radiotherapy after conventional imaging staging with CT and 18-FDG-PET/CT. Two different radiotherapy techniques were used in this study: RA-IMRT (RapidarcTM implemented radiotherapy Varian Medical System, Palo Alto, CA, USA) or SBRT (BrainLAB, Feldkirchen, Germany). Five patients underwent CT scan and all patients underwent 18FDG-PET/CT for pre-treatment evaluation and staging. The mean total dose delivered was 54.3 Gy (range 50-60 Gy with conventional fractionation and 27.4 Gy (range 12-40 Gy hypofractionation) for RA-IMRT and SBRT respectively. The mean number of fractions was 27.6 fractions (range 25-31) and 3-4 fractions , the mean overall treatment duration was 40.5 days (range 36-45) and 6.5 days (range 5-8 days) for RA-IMRT and SBRT respectively. Results: At the time of the analysis, October 2011, the overall survival was 92.3 % (80% for RA-IMRT and 100% for SBRT). Six patients are alive with no evidence of disease and also six patients are alive with clinically evident disease in other sites (40% and 50% patients RA-IMRT vs SBRT respectively, one patient died for systemic progression of disease and two patient were not evaluable at this time. Conclusions: Our preliminary results showed that, the use of RA-IMRT and SBRT are an excellent local therapy for isolated lymph nodes recurrences of gynaecological cancer with a good toxicity profile and local control rate, even if any long term survivors would be expected. New treatment modalities like Cyberknife are also being implemented.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Cecconi, Agnese
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
3 Maggio 2012

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