Measurement of the muon-induced neutron flux at LNGS with the LVD experiment

Persiani, Rino (2011) Measurement of the muon-induced neutron flux at LNGS with the LVD experiment, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica, 23 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/3897.
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In this thesis we describe in detail the Monte Carlo simulation (LVDG4) built to interpret the experimental data collected by LVD and to measure the muon-induced neutron yield in iron and liquid scintillator. A full Monte Carlo simulation, based on the Geant4 (v 9.3) toolkit, has been developed and validation tests have been performed. We used the LVDG4 to determine the active vetoing and the shielding power of LVD. The idea was to evaluate the feasibility to host a dark matter detector in the most internal part, called Core Facility (LVD-CF). The first conclusion is that LVD is a good moderator, but the iron supporting structure produce a great number of neutrons near the core. The second conclusions is that if LVD is used as an active veto for muons, the neutron flux in the LVD-CF is reduced by a factor 50, of the same order of magnitude of the neutron flux in the deepest laboratory of the world, Sudbury. Finally, the muon-induced neutron yield has been measured. In liquid scintillator we found $(3.2 \pm 0.2) \times 10^{-4}$ n/g/cm$^2$, in agreement with previous measurements performed at different depths and with the general trend predicted by theoretical calculations and Monte Carlo simulations. Moreover we present the first measurement, in our knowledge, of the neutron yield in iron: $(1.9 \pm 0.1) \times 10^{-3}$ n/g/cm$^2$. That measurement provides an important check for the MC of neutron production in heavy materials that are often used as shield in low background experiments.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Persiani, Rino
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze matematiche, fisiche ed astronomiche
Settore disciplinare
Parole chiave
astroparticle physics low background neutron physics underground experiments
Data di discussione
20 Maggio 2011

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