Ruolo delle specie reattive dell'ossigeno e di caveole/raft lipidici nella biosegnalazione in linee cellulari umane

Caliceti, Cristiana (2011) Ruolo delle specie reattive dell'ossigeno e di caveole/raft lipidici nella biosegnalazione in linee cellulari umane, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biochimica, 23 Ciclo.
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Membrane lipid rafts are detergent-resistant microdomains containing glycosphingolipids, cholesterol and glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked proteins; they seem to be actively involved in many cellular processes including signal transduction, apoptosis, cell adhesion and migration. Lipid rafts may represent important functional platforms where redox signals are produced and transmitted in response to various agonists or stimuli. In addition, a new concept is emerging that could be used to define the interactions or amplification of both redox signalling and lipid raft-associated signalling. This concept is characterized by redox-mediated feed forward amplification in lipid platforms. It is proposed that lipid rafts are formed in response to various stimuli; for instance, NAD(P)H oxidase (Nox) subunits are aggregated or recruited in these platforms, increasing Nox activity. Superoxide and hydrogen peroxide generation could induce various regulatory activities, such as the induction of glucose transport activity and proliferation in leukaemia cells. The aim of our study is to probe: i) the involvement of lipid rafts in the modulation of the glucose transporter Glut1 in human acute leukemia cells; ii) the involvement of plasma membrane caveolae/lipid rafts in VEGF-mediated redox signaling via Nox activation in human leukemic cells; iii) the role of p66shc, an adaptor protein, in VEGF signaling and ROS production in endothelial cells (ECs); iv) the role of Sindecan-2, a transmembrane heparan sulphate proteoglycan, in VEGF signaling and physiological response in ECs and v) the antioxidant and pro-apoptotic activities of simple dietary phenolic acids, i. e. caffeic, syringic and protocatechuic acids in leukemia cells, characterized by a very high ROS content. Our results suggest that the role played by NAD(P)H oxidase-derived ROS in the regulation of glucose uptake, proliferation and migration of leukaemia and endothelial cells could likely occur through the control of lipid raft-associated signalling.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Caliceti, Cristiana
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
7 Giugno 2011

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