Evidenza del coinvolgimento di geni nell'insorgenza delle schisi labio-palatine

Masiero, Elena (2011) Evidenza del coinvolgimento di geni nell'insorgenza delle schisi labio-palatine, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze dello sviluppo e del movimento umano: progetto n. 2 "Sviluppo e riproduzione umana", 23 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/3746.
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The CL/P are the most common and easily recognizable craniofacial malformations with a complex etiology that requires the involvement of genetic and environmental components. The analysis of the genetic component shows more than 14 loci and genes involved in the onset of the disease. I’ve selected and investigated some of the possible candidate genes for CL/P. MYH14 gene, that maps on chromosome 19, on the OFC3 locus, and shows a strong homology with MYH9 gene. I’ve also investigated TP63 and MID1 genes, that are responsible respectively for EEC syndrome and Opitz syndrome, both of them presenting cleft. I’ve also decided to investigate JAG2 because TP63 product regulates the this gene, and both of them are component of the Notch signalling pathway. I’ve, also, studied the MKX and LMO4 genes. MKX is an important development regulator that is highly expressed in palatal mesenchyme, and map in the region responsible for Twirler mutation that cause cleft in mouse. LMO4 is necessary for neural tube development and cooperating with Grhl3, promotes cellular migration during morphogenetic events like “in utero” cleft healing. Low folate levels and high levels of homocysteine increase the risk of cleft, genes involved in their metabolism may be of interest in cleft occurrence. I’ve decided to investigate BHMT and CBS genes coding for enzymes involved in homocysteine metabolism. I’ve also investigated BHMT2 gene that maps close to BHMT and presents with him a 73% of homology. I’ve performed a linkage analysis using SNPs mapping in the genes and their boundaries, for each gene, for MKX and LMO4 I’ve also performed a sequencing analysis. My results for MID1 and CBS genes support the hypothesis of a possible role of these genes in cleft. I’ve found borderline association values for JAG2, MKX and LMO4 genes.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Masiero, Elena
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Parole chiave
Data di discussione
14 Aprile 2011

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