Role of SP-A gene polymorphism in lung transplantation

Aramini, Beatrice (2011) Role of SP-A gene polymorphism in lung transplantation, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze mediche specialistiche: progetto n. 4 "Scienze pneumo-cardio-toraciche di interesse medico e chirurgico", 23 Ciclo.
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Lung transplantation is a widely accepted therapeutic option for end stage lung disease. Clinical outcome is yet challenged by primary graft failure responsible for the majority of the early mortality, by chronic allograft dysfunction and chronic rejection accounting for more than 30% of deaths after the third postoperative year. Pulmonary surfactant proteins (SP) A, B, C and D are one of the first host defense mechanisms the lung can mount. SP-A in particular, produced by the type II pneumocytes, is active in the innate and adaptive immune system being an opsonin, but also regulating the macrophage and lymphocyte response. The main hypothesis for this project is that pulmonary surfactant protein A polymorphism may determine the early and long term lung allograft survival. Of note SP-A biologic activity seems to be genetically determined and SP-A polymorphisms have been associated to various lung disease. The two SP-A genes SP-A1 and SP-A2 have several polymorphisms within the coding region, SP-A1 (6A, 6A2-20), and SP-A2(1A, 1A0-13). The SP-A gene expression is regulated by cAMP, TTF-1 and glucocorticoids. In vitro studies have indicated that SP-A1 and SP-A2 gene variants may have a variable response to glucocorticoids. We proposed to determine if SP-A gene polymorphism predicts primary graft dysfunction and/or chronic lung allograft dysfunction and if SP-A may serve as a biomarker of lung allograft dysfunction. We also proposed to study the interaction between immunosuppressive drugs and SP-A expression and determine whether this is dependent on SP-A polymorphisms. This study will generate novel information improving our understanding of lung allograft dysfunction. It is conceivable that the information will stimulate the interest for a multi centre study to investigate if SP-A polymorphism may be integrated in the donor lung selection criteria and/or to implement post transplant tailored immunosuppression.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Aramini, Beatrice
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
lung transplantation surfactant proteins rejection drugs interaction immunosuppression lung allograft immunity
Data di discussione
2 Maggio 2011

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