Polymorphs solvates and co-crystals of molecular materials

Dichiarante, Elena (2011) Polymorphs solvates and co-crystals of molecular materials, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chimiche, 23 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/3590.
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The scope of my research project is to produce and characterize new crystalline forms of organic compounds, focusing the attention on co-crystals and then transferring these notions on APIs to produce co-crystals of potential interest in the pharmaceutical field. In the first part of this work co-crystallization experiments were performed using as building blocks the family of aliphatic dicarboxylic acids HOOC-(CH2)n-COOH, with n= 2-8. This class of compounds has always been an object of study because it is characterized by an interesting phenomenon of alternation of melting points: the acids with an even number of carbon atoms show a melting point higher than those with an odd one. The acids were co-crystallized with four dipyridyl molecules (formed by two pyridine rings with a different number of bridging carbon atoms) through the formation of intermolecular interactions N•••(H)O. The bases used were: 4,4’-bipyridine (BPY), 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane (BPA), 1,2-(di-4-pyridyl)ethylene (BPE) and 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)propane (BPP). The co-crystals obtained by solution synthesis were characterized by different solid-state techniques to determine the structure and to see how the melting points in co-crystals change. In the second part of this study we tried to obtain new crystal forms of compounds of pharmaceutical interest. The APIs studied are: O-desmethylvenlafaxine, Lidocaine, Nalidixic Acid and Sulfadiazine. Each API was subjected to Polymorph Screening and Salt/Co-crystal Screening experiments to identify new crystal forms characterized by different properties. In a typical Salt/Co-crystal Screening the sample was made to react with a co-former (solid or liquid) through different methods: crystallization by solution, grinding, kneading and solid-gas reactions. The new crystal forms obtained were characterized by different solid state techniques (X-ray single crystal diffraction, X-ray powder diffraction, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Thermogravimetric Analysis, Evolved gas analysis, FT-IR – ATR, Solid State N.M.R).

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Dichiarante, Elena
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Polymorph co-crystal salt API
Data di discussione
19 Aprile 2011

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