Stereoselective synthesis of heterocycles as intermediates of biologically active compounds

Mosconi, Elisa (2011) Stereoselective synthesis of heterocycles as intermediates of biologically active compounds, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze chimiche, 23 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/3432.
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The aim of this thesis was to investigate the synthesis of enantiomerically enriched heterocycles and dehydro-β-amino acid derivatives which can be used as scaffolds or intermediates of biologically active compounds, in particular as novel αvβ3 and α5β1 integrin ligands. The starting materials of all the compounds here synthesized are alkylideneacetoacetates. Alkylidene derivates are very usefull compounds, they are usually used as unsaturated electrophiles and they have the advantage of introducing different kind of functionality that may be further elaborated. In chapter 1, regio- and stereoselective allylic amination of pure carbonates is presented. The reaction proceeds via uncatalyzed or palladium-catalyzed conditions and affords enantiopure dehydro-β-amino esters that are useful precursor of biologically active compounds. Chapter 2 illustrates the synthesis of substituted isoxazolidines and isoxazolines via Michael addition followed by intramolecular hemiketalisation. The investigation on the effect of the Lewis acid catalysis on the regioselectivity of the addition it also reported. Isoxazolidines and isoxazolines are interesting heterocyclic compounds that may be regarded as unusual constrained -amino acids or as furanose mimetics. The synthesis of unusual cyclic amino acids precursors, that may be envisaged as proline analogues, as scaffolds for the design of bioactive peptidomimetics is presented in chapter 3. The synthesis of 2-substituted-3,4-dehydropyrrole derivatives starting from allylic carbonates via a two step allylic amination/ring closing metathesis (RCM) protocol is carried out. The reaction was optimized by testing different Grubbs’ catalysts and carbamate nitrogen protecting groups. Moreover, in view of a future application of these dehydro-β-amino acids as central core of peptidomimetics , the malonate chain was also used to protect nitrogen prior to RCM. Finally, chapter 4 presents the synthesis of two novel different classes of integrin antagonists, one derived from dehydro-β-amino acid prepared as described in chapter 1 and the other one has isoxazolidines synthesized in chapter 2 as rigid constrained core. Since that these compounds are promising RGD mimetics for αvβ3 and α5β1 integrins, they have been submitted to biological assay. and to interpret on a molecular basis their different affinities for the αvβ3 receptor, docking studies were performed using Glide program.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Mosconi, Elisa
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
dehydro β amino acid allylic amination isoxazoline αvβ3 and α5β1 integrins
Data di discussione
19 Aprile 2011

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