Neuroprotective strategies against neurodegeneration in cellular model systems

Eleuteri, Simona Carmen (2010) Neuroprotective strategies against neurodegeneration in cellular model systems, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biologia cellulare, molecolare e industriale/cellular, molecular and industrial biology: progetto n. 1 Biologia e fisiologia cellulare, 22 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2831.
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In the present study we analyzed new neuroprotective therapeutical strategies in PD (Parkinson’s disease) and AD (Alzheimer’s disease). Current therapeutic strategies for treating PD and AD offer mainly transient symptomatic relief but it is still impossible to block the loss of neuron and then the progression of PD and AD. There is considerable consensus that the increased production and/or aggregation of α- synuclein (α-syn) and β-amyloid peptide (Aβ), plays a central role in the pathogenesis of PD, related synucleinopathies and AD. Therefore, we identified antiamyloidogenic compounds and we tested their effect as neuroprotective drug-like molecules against α-syn and β-amyloid cytotoxicity in PC12. Herein, we show that two nitro-catechol compounds (entacapone and tolcapone) and 5 cathecol-containing compounds (dopamine, pyrogallol, gallic acid, caffeic acid and quercetin) with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, are potent inhibitors of α-syn and β-amyloid oligomerization and fibrillization. Subsequently, we show that the inhibition of α-syn and β-amyloid oligomerization and fibrillization is correlated with the neuroprotection of these compounds against the α-syn and β-amyloid-induced cytotoxicity in PC12. Finally, we focused on the study of the neuroprotective role of microglia and on the possibility that the neuroprotection properties of these cells could be use as therapeutical strategy in PD and AD. Here, we have used an in vitro model to demonstrate neuroprotection of a 48 h-microglial conditioned medium (MCM) towards cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) challenged with the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), which induces a Parkinson-like neurodegeneration, with Aβ42, which induces a Alzheimer-like neurodegeneration, and glutamate, involved in the major neurodegenerative diseases. We show that MCM nearly completely protects CGNs from 6-OHDA neurotoxicity, partially from glutamate excitotoxicity but not from Aβ42 toxin.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Eleuteri, Simona Carmen
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze biologiche, biomediche e biotecnologiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Data di discussione
20 Aprile 2010

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