Ostojic, Darko
(2010)

*A multilevel converter structure for grid-connected PV plants*, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna.
Dottorato di ricerca in

Ingegneria elettrotecnica, 22 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2316.

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## Abstract

A new conversion structure for three-phase grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) generation plants is presented and discussed in this Thesis. The conversion scheme is based on two insulated PV arrays, each one feeding the dc bus of a standard 2-level three-phase voltage source inverter (VSI). Inverters are connected to the grid by a traditional three-phase transformer having open-end windings at inverters side and either star or delta connection at the grid side. The resulting conversion structure is able to perform as a multilevel VSI, equivalent to a 3-level inverter, doubling the power capability of a single VSI with given voltage and current ratings.
Different modulation schemes able to generate proper multilevel voltage waveforms have been discussed and compared. They include known algorithms, some their developments, and new original approaches. The goal was to share the grid power with a given ratio between the two VSI within each cycle period of the PWM, being the PWM pattern suitable for the implementation in industrial DSPs. It has been shown that an extension of the modulation methods for standard two-level inverter can provide a elegant solution for dual two-level inverter.
An original control method has been introduced to regulate the dc-link voltages of each VSI, according to the voltage reference given by a single MPPT controller. A particular MPPT algorithm has been successfully tested, based on the comparison of the operating points of the two PV arrays. The small deliberately introduced difference between two operating dc voltages leads towards the MPP in a fast and accurate manner.
Either simulation or experimental tests, or even both, always accompanied theoretical developments. For the simulation, the Simulink tool of Matlab has been adopted, whereas the experiments have been carried out by a full-scale low-voltage prototype of the whole PV generation system. All the research work was done at the Lab of the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bologna.

Abstract

A new conversion structure for three-phase grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) generation plants is presented and discussed in this Thesis. The conversion scheme is based on two insulated PV arrays, each one feeding the dc bus of a standard 2-level three-phase voltage source inverter (VSI). Inverters are connected to the grid by a traditional three-phase transformer having open-end windings at inverters side and either star or delta connection at the grid side. The resulting conversion structure is able to perform as a multilevel VSI, equivalent to a 3-level inverter, doubling the power capability of a single VSI with given voltage and current ratings.
Different modulation schemes able to generate proper multilevel voltage waveforms have been discussed and compared. They include known algorithms, some their developments, and new original approaches. The goal was to share the grid power with a given ratio between the two VSI within each cycle period of the PWM, being the PWM pattern suitable for the implementation in industrial DSPs. It has been shown that an extension of the modulation methods for standard two-level inverter can provide a elegant solution for dual two-level inverter.
An original control method has been introduced to regulate the dc-link voltages of each VSI, according to the voltage reference given by a single MPPT controller. A particular MPPT algorithm has been successfully tested, based on the comparison of the operating points of the two PV arrays. The small deliberately introduced difference between two operating dc voltages leads towards the MPP in a fast and accurate manner.
Either simulation or experimental tests, or even both, always accompanied theoretical developments. For the simulation, the Simulink tool of Matlab has been adopted, whereas the experiments have been carried out by a full-scale low-voltage prototype of the whole PV generation system. All the research work was done at the Lab of the Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Bologna.

Tipologia del documento

Tesi di dottorato

Autore

Ostojic, Darko

Supervisore

Dottorato di ricerca

Scuola di dottorato

Ingegneria industriale

Ciclo

22

Coordinatore

Settore disciplinare

Settore concorsuale

Parole chiave

dual inverter, PWM, grid-connected, photovoltaic

URN:NBN

DOI

10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2316

Data di discussione

17 Marzo 2010

URI

## Altri metadati

Tipologia del documento

Tesi di dottorato

Autore

Ostojic, Darko

Supervisore

Dottorato di ricerca

Scuola di dottorato

Ingegneria industriale

Ciclo

22

Coordinatore

Settore disciplinare

Settore concorsuale

Parole chiave

dual inverter, PWM, grid-connected, photovoltaic

URN:NBN

DOI

10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2316

Data di discussione

17 Marzo 2010

URI

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