Valutazione del danno da stress ossidativo come indicatore di effetto biologico dell'esposizione professionale a xenobiotici

Barbieri, Anna (2009) Valutazione del danno da stress ossidativo come indicatore di effetto biologico dell'esposizione professionale a xenobiotici, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Sanità pubblica e medicina del lavoro, 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2155.
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Oxidative DNA damages determine the activation of cell repair processes. These processes originate repair products, including the most studied one, 8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG). Several analytical techniques have been applied to measure urinary 8-OH-dG, but a discrepancy in basal urinary 8-OH-dG levels has been noted when comparing chromatographic techniques with immunoenzymatic assays (ELISA). Our laboratory has developed a fully validated, liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method presenting high sensitivity and specificity, which has participated in an inter-laboratory validation of assays for the measurement of urinary 8-OH-dG (ESCULA project). Mass Spectrometric techniques showed more accuracy and specificity than immunoenzymatic methods. Human spot urine samples were analyzed in order to investigate the possibility to correct urinary lesion measurements for creatinine and to evaluate the intra- and inter-day variability of 8-OH-dG excretion in urine. Our results confirm the opportunity to delve into these issues. Finally, we measured urinary 8-OH-dG in workers exposed to antineoplastic drugs and in a group of unexposed subjects to evaluate the relationship between occupational exposure and oxidative damage related to the internal dose. We found higher levels of 8-OH-dG in exposed nurses, but, as compared to the non-exposed subjects, the difference was not statistically significant, probably do to the very low level of exposure. The scientific literature is rapidly developing on the topic of DNA damage and related repair capacity. Nevertheless, further studies are needed to achieve a better understanding of the sources of DNA lesions in urine and their significance, both in clinical and occupational medicine.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Barbieri, Anna
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
stress ossidativo 8-idrossi-2'-desossiguanosina monitoraggio biologico
Data di discussione
28 Aprile 2009

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