La caratterizzazione endofenotipica del rimuginio

Ottaviani, Cristina (2009) La caratterizzazione endofenotipica del rimuginio, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Psicologia generale e clinica, 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2149.
Documenti full-text disponibili:
Documento PDF (Italiano) - Richiede un lettore di PDF come Xpdf o Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (671kB) | Anteprima


Rumination, defined as the tendency to think about the negative affect evoked by stressful events, has been identified as potentially playing a role in the development of cardiovascular diseases. Specifically, recent studies suggest that ruminative thoughts might be mediators of the prolonged physiological effects of stress. The main goal of this research was to study the effect of rumination, evoked in the laboratory, during the subsequent 24 hours. As rumination has been associated with the activity of several physiological systems, including the cardiovascular, endocrine, and immune system, we also aimed at studying the process from a psychoneuroendocrine point of view. Levels of anxiety, depression, anger, hostility, and trait rumination were assessed by the use of validated questionnaires. Impedance cardiography-derived measures, skin conductance, respiration, and beat-to-beat blood pressure (BP) were monitored continuously in 60 subjects during baseline, the Anger Recall Inteview, a reading task and two recovery periods. Half of the sample was randomly assigned to a distracter condition after the Anger Recall Inteview. Cortisol, plasma concentrations of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and inflammatory biomarkers (CRP, sICAM-1) were also obtained at baseline and at the end of the session. Then, all subjects were asked to wear an ambulatory BP monitor for 24 hours. Results show that the distracter was effective in stopping rumination in the laboratory but did not have a long-lasting effect in the subsequent 24 hours. Rumination was associated with prolonged sympathetic activity, vagal withdrawal, cortisol secrection, pro-inflammatory reaction and mood impairment compared to the reading task. After controlling for age and body mass index, rumination also proved to be a strong predictor of daily moods, and ambulatory HR and BP. Personality traits did not have an effect in determining the frequency or duration of daily rumination. Findings suggest that perseverative cognition can prolong stress- related affective and physiological activation and might act directly on somatic disease via the cardiovascular, immune, endocrine, and neurovisceral systems.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Ottaviani, Cristina
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze umanistiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
rimuginio sistema nervoso autonomo previsione
Data di discussione
27 Aprile 2009

Altri metadati

Statistica sui download

Gestione del documento: Visualizza la tesi