Identificazione di profili di rischio cardiovascolare nel trapianto di rene: polimorfismi di geni coinvolti nei processi di infiammazione e di apoptosi

Cappuccilli, Maria (2007) Identificazione di profili di rischio cardiovascolare nel trapianto di rene: polimorfismi di geni coinvolti nei processi di infiammazione e di apoptosi, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze nefrologiche, 19 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/214.
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Introduction. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) represents the main cause of morbidity and mortality in kidney recipients. This study was undertaken to assess the impact of functional polymorphisms located in cytokine and apoptosis genes on CVD after kidney transplantation. Cytokine polymorphisms, generally located in gene regulatory regions, are associated with high and low cytokine production and are likely to modulate the magnitude of inflammatory responses following transplantation, depending on the balance between the levels of pro-inflammatory and antiinflammatory cytokines. The role of apoptosis in atherosclerosis has not been completely elucidated, and here we explored the hypothesis that the heterogeneity in cardiovascular risk in kidney recipients may also be linked to functional polymorphisms involved in apoptosis induction. Purpose. In the search for relevant genetic markers of predisposition to CVD after renal transplant, the present investigation was undertaken to identify the clinical impact of polymorphisms of cytokines TNF-α, TGF-β, IL-10, IL-6, IFN-γ and IL-8 and of apoptosis genes Fas and Caspase 9 in a population of kidney transplant recipients. Materials and methods. The study involved 167 patients who received cadaveric kidney transplantation at our centre between 1997 and 2005 (minimum follow-up of 12 months); 35 of them had experienced cardiovascular events (CVD group) and 132 had no cardiovascular complications (non-CVD group). Genotyping was performed using RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) for RFLP per IL-8/T-251A, Fas/G-670A e Casp9/R221Q polymorphism and SSP (Sequence Specific Primer) for TNF-α/G-308A, TGF-β/L10P, TGF-β/R25P, IL-10/G-1082A, IL- 10/C-819T, IL-10/C-592A, IL-6/G-174C, IFN-γ/T+874A polymorphisms.Results. We found a significant difference in TNF-α and IL-10 genotype frequencies between the patients who had suffered cardiovascular events and those with no CVD history. The high producer genotype for proflogistic cytokine TNF-α appeared to have a significantly superior prevalence in the CVD group compared to the non-CVD group (40.0% vs 21.2%) and it resulted in a 2.4-fold increased cardiovascular risk (OR=2.361; p=0.0289). On the other hand, the high producer genotype for the antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10 was found in 2.8% of the CVD group and in 16.7% of non-CVD group; logistic regression showed a 0.3-fold reduced risk of CVD associated with genetically determined high IL-10 production (OR=0.278; p<0.0001). The other polymorphisms did not prove to have any impact on CVD. Conclusions. TNF-α and IL-10 gene polymorphisms might represent cardiovascular risk markers in renal transplant recipients.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Cappuccilli, Maria
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
trapianto renale malattia cardiovascolare infiammazione apoptosi fattori genetici citochine polimorfismi
Data di discussione
30 Maggio 2007

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