Characterisation of probiotic strains for the control and prevention of enteropathogens in the food chain

Santini, Cecilia (2009) Characterisation of probiotic strains for the control and prevention of enteropathogens in the food chain, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ecologia microbica e resistenza indotta ad agenti fitopatogeni: progetto n. 1 "Ecologia microbica", 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/2040.
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60 strains (belonging to the genera Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Leuconostoc and Enterococcus) were tested for their capacity to inhibit the growth of 3 strains of Campylobacter jejuni: Lactobacilli and bifidobacteria were left to grow in MRS or TPY broth at 37°C overnight in anaerobic conditions; Campylobacter jejuni was inoculated in blood agar plates at 37°C for 24-48 hours in microaerophilic conditions. The inhibition experiments were carried out in vitro using ”Spot agar test” and “Well diffusion assay” techniques testing both cellular activity and that of the surnatant. 11 strains proved to inhibit the growth of Campylobacter jejuni. These strains were subsequently analised analised in order to evaluate the resistance to particular situations of stress which are found in the gastrointestinal tract and during the industrial transformation processes (Starvation stress, osmotic stress, heat stress, resistance to pH and to bile salts). Resistance to starvation stress: all strains seemed to resist the stress (except one strain). Resistance to osmotic stress: all strains were relatively resistant to the concentrations of 6% w/v of NaCl (except one strain). Resistance to heat stress: only one strain showed little resistance to the 55°C temperature. Resistance to pH: In the presence of a low pH (2.5), many strains rapidly lost their viability after approximately 1 hour. Resistance to bile salts: Except for one strain, all strains seemed to be relatively resistant to the 2% w/v concentration of bile salts. Afterward, strains were identified by using phenotipic and molecular techniques. Phenotipic identification was carried out by using API 50 CHL (bioMérieux) and API 20 STREP identification system (bioMérieux); molecular identification with species-specific PCR: the molecular techniques confirmed the results by phenotipic identification. For testing the antibiotic resistance profile, bacterial strains were subcultured in MRS or TPY broth and incubated for 18 h at 37°C under anaerobic conditions. Antibiotics tested (Tetracycline, Trimethoprim, Cefuroxime, Kanamycin, Chloramphenicol, Vancomycin, Ampycillin, Sterptomycin, Erythromycin) were diluted to the final concentrations of: 2,4,8,16,32,64,128,256 mg/ml. Then, 20 μl fresh bacterial culture (final concentration in the plates approximately 106 cfu/ml) were added to 160 μl MRS or TPY broth and 20 μl antibiotic solution. As positive control the bacterial culture (20 ul) was added to broth (160 ul) and water (20 ul). Test was performed on plates P96, that after the inoculum were incubated for 24 h at 37oC, then the antibiotic resistance was determined by measuring the Optical Density (OD) at 620 nm with Multiscan EX. All strains showed a similar behaviour: resistance to all antibiotic tested. Further studies are needed.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Santini, Cecilia
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze agrarie
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Probiotics, selection, characterisation
Data di discussione
16 Luglio 2009

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