Diabete ed ischemia critica degli arti inferiori. Studio del danno della parete arteriosa e del ruolo dell'endotelio circolante nella riparazione tessutale e nella neoangiogenesi

Orrico, Catia (2009) Diabete ed ischemia critica degli arti inferiori. Studio del danno della parete arteriosa e del ruolo dell'endotelio circolante nella riparazione tessutale e nella neoangiogenesi, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Metodologie di ricerca nelle malattie vascolari, 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1739.
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Objectives In diabetic and non diabetic patients with peripheral artery obstructive disease (PAOD), we sought to establish whether the vascular wall damage, the mature circulating endothelium and the "in situ" neoangiogenesis are related with each other. Design In the peripheral blood of diabetic patients suffering critical ischaemia associated with peripheral artery disease, low levels and poor function of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) were observed. Moreover, circulating endothelial cells (CECs) have been described in different conditions of vascular injury. In this type of disorders, which are all characterized by endothelial damage, neoangiogenesis plays a key role. Materials In the study we recruited 22 diabetic and 16 non diabetic patients, all of them suffering PAOD and critical ischaemia; healthy subjects and multiorgan donors have also been considered like controls. Methods Histopathologic characterization was performed on arterial tissue samples under a light microscope. Flow cytofluorimetric analysis was used to quantify CECs in peripheral blood samples. "In situ" expression of the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) transcripts was quantified in a Real Time-PCR analysis. Circulating VEGF concentration was determined by an ELISA assay. Results Arterial wall from diabetic patients, compared with non diabetic subjects, revealed a higher incidence of serious lesions (60% vs 47%) and a lower number of capillaries (65% vs 87%). Mean number of CECs/ml was significantly increased in all patients, compared to healthy controls (p=0.001). Compared to healthy subjects, VEGF transcripts expression resulted significantly higher in diabetic patients and in all patients (p<0.05) and a similar result was obtained in the MMP-9 transcripts expression. Serum VEGF concentration was significantly increased in PAOD patients correlated with controls (p=0.0431). Conclusions Our study demonstrates that in all patients considered, probably, regressive phenomenons prevail on reparative ones, causing an inesorable and progressive degeneration of the vascular wall, worse by diabetes. The vascular damage can be monitored by determining CECs number and its severity and development are emphasized by the MMP-9 transcripts expression. The "in situ" VEGF increased expression seems to be the evidence of a parietal cells bid to induce local angiogenesis. This reparing mechanism could induce the EPCs mobilitation by means the release of VEGF from the arterial wall. The mechanism, however, is ineffective like demonstrated by the EPCs reduced number and activities observed in patients suffering PAOD and critical ischaemia.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Orrico, Catia
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Diabete, AOCP, ischemia critica, danno endoteliale,neoangiogenesi
Data di discussione
26 Marzo 2009

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