Identificazione di bersagli terapeutici e realizzazione di tecnologie innovative in oncologia ortopedica

Salerno, Manuela (2009) Identificazione di bersagli terapeutici e realizzazione di tecnologie innovative in oncologia ortopedica, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biotecnologie mediche, 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1460.
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Controlled delivery of anticancer drugs through osteotropic nanoparticles (NP) is a novel approach for the adjuvant therapy of osteolytic bone metastases. Doxorubicin (DXR) is widely used in chemotherapy, although its activity is restricted by dose-dependent cardiotoxicity and marrow toxicity. However, its efficacy can be improved when specific targeting at the tumor site is obtained. The aim of this study was to obtain osteotropic biodegradable NP by nanoprecipitation of a copolymer between poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) and an osteotropic bisphosphonate, sodium alendronate (ALE). NP were subsequently characterised for their chemical-physical properties, biocompatibility, and the ability to inhibit osteoclast-mediated bone resorption, and then loaded with DXR. The effectiveness of NP-loaded DXR was investigated through in vitro and in vivo experiments, and compared to that of free DXR. For the in vitro analysis, six human cell lines were used as a representative panel of bone tumors, including breast and renal adenocarcinoma, osteosarcoma and neuroblastoma. The in vitro uptake and the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation were verified. To analyse the in vivo activity of NP-loaded DXR, osteolytic bone metastases were induced through the intratibial inoculation in BALB/c-nu/nu mice of a human breast cancer cell line, followed by the intraperitoneal administration of the free or NP-loaded DXR. In vitro, aAll of the cell lines were able to uptake both free and NP-loaded drug, and their proliferation was inhibited up to 80% after incubation either with free or NP-loaded DXR. In addition, in vivo experiments showed that NP-loaded DXR were also able to reduce the incidence of bone metastases, not only in comparison with untreated mice, but also with free DXR-treated mice. In conclusion, this research demonstrated an improvement in the therapeutic effect of the antineoplastic drug DXR, when loaded to bone-targeted NP conjugated with ALE. Osteotropic PLGA-ALE NP are suitable to be loaded with DXR and offer as a valuable tool for a tissue specific treatment of skeletal metastases.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Salerno, Manuela
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze mediche e chirurgiche cliniche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Metastasi ossee; nanoparticelle; drug delivery
Data di discussione
18 Maggio 2009

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