Characterization of L-type Calcium Channel Binding-Site of a new class of Calcium modulators by a Multidisciplinary approach

Ugenti, Maria Paola (2009) Characterization of L-type Calcium Channel Binding-Site of a new class of Calcium modulators by a Multidisciplinary approach, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze farmaceutiche, 21 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1277.
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Many potential diltiazem related L-VDCC blockers were developed using a multidisciplinary approach. This current study was to investigate and compare diltiazem with to the newly developed compounds by mouse Langendorff-perfused heart, Ca2+-transient and on recombinant L-VDCC. Twenty particular compounds were selected by the ligand-based virtual screening procedure (LBVS). From these compounds, five of them (5b, M2, M7, M8 and P1) showed a potent and selective inotropic activity on guinea-pig left atria driven 1 Hz. Further assays displayed an interesting negative inotropic effect of M2, M8, P1 and M7 on guinea pig isolated left papillary muscle driven at 1 Hz, a relevant vasorelaxant activity of 5b, M2, M7, M8 and P1 on K+-depolarized guinea-pig ileum longitudinal smooth muscle and a significant inhibition of contraction of 5b, M2, M8 and P1 on carbachol stimulated ileum longitudinal smooth muscle. Wild-type human heart and rabbit lung α1 subunits were expressed (combined with the regulatory α2δ and β3 subunits) in Xenopus Leavis oocytes using a two-electrode voltage clamp technique. Diltiazem is a benzothiazepine Ca2+ channel blocker used clinically for its antihypertensive and antiarrhythmic effects. Previous radioligand binding assays revealed a complex interaction with the benzothiazepine binding site for M2, M7 and M8. (Carosati E. et al. J. Med Chem. 2006, 49; 5206). In agreement with this findings, the relative order of increased rates of contraction and relaxation at lower concentrations s(≤10-6M) in unpaced hearts was M7>M2>M8>P1. Similar increases in Ca2+ transient were observed in cardiomyocytes. Diltiazem showed negative inotropic effects whereas 5b had no significant effect. Diltiazem blocks Ca2+current in a use-dependent manner and facilitates the channel by accelerating the inactivation and decelerating the recovery from inactivation. In contrast to diltiazem, the new analogs had no pronounced use-dependence. Application of 100 μM M8, M2 showed ~ 10% tonic block; in addition, M8, M2 and P1 shifted the steady state inactivation in hyperpolarized direction and the current inactivation time was significantly decreased compared with control (219.6 ± 11.5 ms, 226 ± 14.5 vs. 269 ± 12.9 vs. 199.28 ± 8.19 ms). Contrary to diltiazem, the recovery from the block by M8 and M2 was comparable to control. Only P1 showed a significantly decrease of the time for the recovery from inactivation. All of the compounds displayed the same sensitivity on the Ca2+ channel rabbit lung α1 except P1. Taken together, these findings suggest that M8, M2 and P1 might directly decrease the binding affinity or allow rapid dissociation from the benzothiazepine binding site.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Ugenti, Maria Paola
Dottorato di ricerca
Scuola di dottorato
Scienze chimiche
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
L-type Calcium Channels, Calcium modulators, electrophysiology, selectivity, faster inactivation, allosteric modulation.
Data di discussione
29 Aprile 2009

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