Adaptive multiscale biological signal processing

Testoni, Nicola (2008) Adaptive multiscale biological signal processing, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Tecnologie dell'informazione, 20 Ciclo. DOI 10.6092/unibo/amsdottorato/1122.
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Biological processes are very complex mechanisms, most of them being accompanied by or manifested as signals that reflect their essential characteristics and qualities. The development of diagnostic techniques based on signal and image acquisition from the human body is commonly retained as one of the propelling factors in the advancements in medicine and biosciences recorded in the recent past. It is a fact that the instruments used for biological signal and image recording, like any other acquisition system, are affected by non-idealities which, by different degrees, negatively impact on the accuracy of the recording. This work discusses how it is possible to attenuate, and ideally to remove, these effects, with a particular attention toward ultrasound imaging and extracellular recordings. Original algorithms developed during the Ph.D. research activity will be examined and compared to ones in literature tackling the same problems; results will be drawn on the base of comparative tests on both synthetic and in-vivo acquisitions, evaluating standard metrics in the respective field of application. All the developed algorithms share an adaptive approach to signal analysis, meaning that their behavior is not dependent only on designer choices, but driven by input signal characteristics too. Performance comparisons following the state of the art concerning image quality assessment, contrast gain estimation and resolution gain quantification as well as visual inspection highlighted very good results featured by the proposed ultrasound image deconvolution and restoring algorithms: axial resolution up to 5 times better than algorithms in literature are possible. Concerning extracellular recordings, the results of the proposed denoising technique compared to other signal processing algorithms pointed out an improvement of the state of the art of almost 4 dB.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Testoni, Nicola
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
elaborazione di segnale adattativa multiscala deconvoluzione classificazione
Data di discussione
10 Aprile 2008

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