Understanding food waste through behavioural theories in different settings

Qian, Zhuang (2023) Understanding food waste through behavioural theories in different settings, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 35 Ciclo.
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SDG 12.3 aims to promote sustainable consumption and production patterns by addressing the global food loss and waste problem. Given the multiple interrelated impacts, food waste is recognized as one of the major food system challenges. The scope of this work is to contribute to the understanding on food waste generation and potential approaches to tackle it. This work was specifically designed to achieve the following goals: 1) Understand specific factors that affect individual behaviours to generate FW at household, 2) Analyse the effective ways to reduce FW through behaviour change perspective given the catering and hospitality sector, and 3) Provide an evidence synthesis on intervention study that incorporate stakeholder insights focus on school meals. The first goal of identifying food waste drivers was achieved by the systematically reviewing on peer-reviewed and grey literature. The Motivation-Opportunity-Ability (MOA) framework was applied to frame consumer behavioural drivers and identify levers that could be potentially utilized to reduce food waste. Consumer segmentation was further discussed to provide insights for developing tailored food waste reduction interventions. The second goal required the identification on practical interventions, which has been accomplished by systematic literature review basing on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. The efficiency and working mechanism of interventions were evaluated basing on the combination of MOA and behavioural change wheel. Building on the evidence of effective interventions, a roadmap was developed for policymakers and practitioners to lead their own pathway on intervention study and upscaling. The third aim has been achieved with a school meals interventions mapping and the implementation of stakeholder workshops. The method was built on the literature review and then enriched by intervention co-design dialogue among stakeholders. The overall conclusion addressed challenges of food waste determents identification, tailored reduction interventions developing, sustainable consumption promotion with school meals.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Qian, Zhuang
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Food waste; Consumer behaviour; Behaviour change intervention; School meals; Food systems sustainability
Data di discussione
22 Giugno 2023

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