Youth psychosocial adjustment in the context of parental illness: risk and protective factors

Duzen Karatas, Aylin (2023) Youth psychosocial adjustment in the context of parental illness: risk and protective factors, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Psychology, 35 Ciclo.
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Young carers might experience both psychological distress and positive changes from living with their chronically ill parent. However, little is known about why some young carers do well with their situation and experience positive outcomes, whereas others do not. In this regard, this dissertation aims to investigate how parental chronic illness affects young carers’ psychosocial adjustment through risk (i.e., unmet needs) and protective factors (i.e., benefit finding, emotion regulation). This main goal has been addressed by conducting three studies presented in Chapters 2–4. Chapter 2 has examined the mediating role of unmet needs on the relationship between illness unpredictability and youth psychosocial adjustment (i.e., quality of life and internalizing problems). In this regard, it has been found that levels of unmet needs significantly mediated the relationship between illness unpredictability and offspring health-related quality of life. In the systematic review with meta-analysis presented within Chapter 3, it has been sought to investigate the mediating role of the protective factors (i.e., benefit finding and emotion regulation) in the relationship between caregiving components and youth psychosocial adjustment in young carers. This study has shown the significant associations between caregiving components and psychosocial adjustment in young carers not only directly, but also indirectly through protective factors. Finally, to expand on previous findings, a qualitative study in Chapter 4 has examined the unique experiences of young carers, as well as the effects of the COVID-19 global pandemic. This study has yielded a deeper understanding of how protective factors may be operated during young carers’ lived experiences before and during the COVID-19 global pandemic. Overall, this dissertation has shed light on the pivotal role played by risk and protective factors in caregiving components that serve as key determinants that can enhance positive psychosocial outcomes as well as concurrently mitigate adverse psychosocial consequences among young carers.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Duzen Karatas, Aylin
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Young Carers; Parental Illness; Caregiving Components; Youth Adjustment; Benefit Finding; Risk Factors; Protective Factors
Data di discussione
27 Giugno 2023

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