The cosmic ray tagger of the ICARUS detector: construction, commissioning and performances in the first physics run

Poppi, Francesco (2023) The cosmic ray tagger of the ICARUS detector: construction, commissioning and performances in the first physics run, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/11037.
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The Short Baseline Neutrino Program at Fermilab aims to confirm or definitely rule out the existence of sterile neutrinos at the eV mass scale. The program will perform the most sensitive search in both the nue appearance and numu disappearance channels along the Booster Neutrino Beamline. The far detector, ICARUS-T600, is a high-granularity Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber located at 600 m from the Booster neutrino source and at shallow depth, thus exposed to a large flux of cosmic particles. Additionally, ICARUS is located 6 degrees off axis with respect to the Neutrino beam from the Main Injector. This thesis presents the construction, installation and commissioning of the ICARUS Cosmic Ray Tagger system, providing a 4 pi coverage of the active liquid argon volume. By exploiting only the precise nanosecond scale synchronization of the cosmic tagger and the PMT optical flashes it is possible to determine if an event was likely triggered by a cosmic particle. The results show that using the Top Cosmic Ray Tagger alone a conservative rejection larger than 65% of the cosmic induced background can be achieved. Additionally, by requiring the absence of hits in the whole cosmic tagger system it is possible to perform a pre-selection of contained neutrino events ahead of the full event reconstruction.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Poppi, Francesco
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
ICARUS, SBN, neutrino, Cosmic Ray Tagger, Event Selection, Background Rejection
Data di discussione
15 Giugno 2023

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