Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of dual inhibitors of GSK-3B and Fyn kinases for the study of inflammatory pathways in neurodegenerative diseases

Marotta, Giambattista (2023) Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of dual inhibitors of GSK-3B and Fyn kinases for the study of inflammatory pathways in neurodegenerative diseases, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biotecnologiche, biocomputazionali, farmaceutiche e farmacologiche, 35 Ciclo.
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Neuroinflammation represents a key hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases and is the result of a complex network of signaling cascades within microglial cells. A positive feedback loop exists between inflammation, microglia activation and protein misfolding processes, that, together with oxidative stress and excitotoxicity, lead to neuronal degeneration. Therefore, targeting this vicious cycle can be beneficial for mitigating neurodegeneration and cognitive decline in central nervous system disorders. At molecular level, GSK-3B and Fyn kinases play a crucial role in microglia activation and their deregulation has been associated to many neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, we envisioned their combined targeting as an effective approach to disrupt this toxic loop. Specifically in this project, a hit compound, based on a 7-azaindole-3-aminothiazole structure, was first identified in a virtual screening campaign, and displayed a weak dual inhibitory activity on GSK-3B and Fyn, unbalanced towards the former. Then, in a commitment to uncover the structural features required for modulating the activity on the two targets, we systematically manipulated this compound by inserting various substitution patterns in different positions. The most potent compounds obtained were advanced to deeper investigations to test their ability of tackling the inflammatory burden also in cellular systems and to unveil their binding modes within the catalytic pocket. The new class of molecules synthesized emerged as a valuable tool to deepen our understanding of the complex network governing the inflammatory events in neurodegenerative disorders.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Marotta, Giambattista
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Neuroinflammation, multitarget compounds, neurospheres, GSK-3B inhibitors, Fyn inhibitors
Data di discussione
16 Giugno 2023

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