Modeling of clear cell sarcoma of the kidney of the pediatric age

Taddia, Alberto (2023) Modeling of clear cell sarcoma of the kidney of the pediatric age, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Oncologia, ematologia e patologia, 35 Ciclo.
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Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) is the second most common pediatric renal tumor, characterized in 90% of cases by the presence of internal tandem duplications (ITDs) localized at the last exon of BCOR gene. BCOR protein constitute a core component of the non-canonical Polycomb Repressive Complex1 (PRC1.1), which performs a fundamental silencing activity. ITDs in the last BCOR exon at the level of PUFD domain have been identified in many tumor subtypes and could affect PCGF1 binding and the subsequent PRC1.1 activity, although the exact oncogenic mechanism of ITD remains poorly understood. This project has the objective of investigating the molecular mechanisms underlying the oncogenesis of CCSK, approaching the study with different methodologies. A first model in HEK-293 allowed to obtain important informations about BCOR functionality, suggesting that the presence of ITD generates an altered activity which is very different from a loss-of-function. It has also been observed that BCOR function within the PRC1.1 complex varies with different ITDs. Moreover, it allowed the identification of molecular signatures evoked by the presence of BCOR-ITD, including its role in extracellular matrix interactions and invasiveness promotion. The parallel analysis of WTS data from 8 CCSK cases permitted the identification of a peculiar signature for metastatic CCSKs, highlighting a 20-fold overexpression of FGF3. This factor promoted a significant increase in invasive ability in the cellular model. In order to study BCOR-ITD effects over cell stemness and differentiation, an inducible model is being obtained in H1 cells. This way, it will be possible to study the functionality of BCOR-ITD in a context more similar to the origin of CCSKs, evaluating both the specific interactome and phenotypic consequences caused by the mutation.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Taddia, Alberto
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
CCSK, BCOR, ITD, cellular model, CRISPR/Cas9, TALEN, pediatric tumor
Data di discussione
16 Giugno 2023

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