New perspectives on A.I. in sentencing. Human decision-making between risk assessment tools and protection of humans rights.

Barresi, Olimpia (2023) New perspectives on A.I. in sentencing. Human decision-making between risk assessment tools and protection of humans rights., [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Law, science and technology, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10962.
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The aim of this thesis is to investigate a field that until a few years ago was foreign to and distant from the penal system. The purpose of this undertaking is to account for the role that technology could plays in the Italian Criminal Law system. More specifically, this thesis attempts to scrutinize a very intricate phase of adjudication. After deciding on the type of an individual's liability, a judge must decide on the severity of the penalty. This type of decision implies a prognostic assessment that looks to the future. It is precisely in this field and in prognostic assessments that, as has already been anticipated in the United, instruments and processes are inserted in the pre-trial but also in the decision-making phase. In this contribution, we attempt to describe the current state of this field, trying, as a matter of method, to select the most relevant or most used tools. Using comparative and qualitative methods, the uses of some of these instruments in the supranational legal system are analyzed. Focusing attention on the Italian system, an attempt was made to investigate the nature of the element of an individual's ‘social dangerousness’ (pericolosità sociale) and capacity to commit offences, types of assessments that are fundamental in our system because they are part of various types of decisions, including the choice of the best sanctioning treatment. It was decided to turn our attention to this latter field because it is believed that the judge does not always have the time, the means and the ability to assess all the elements of a subject and identify the best 'individualizing' treatment in order to fully realize the function of Article 27, paragraph 3 of the Constitution.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Barresi, Olimpia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
risk assessment tools, sentencing, policing, artificial intelligence, predictive analysis, dangerousness, commensuration on punishment, static and dynamic factors, Ethic Charter, clinical and actuarial risk, criminogenic needs, theory of "just desert model"
Data di discussione
4 Luglio 2023

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