Historic and modern alloys: atmospheric corrosion and development of accelerated ageing methodologies

Velino, Cecilia (2023) Historic and modern alloys: atmospheric corrosion and development of accelerated ageing methodologies, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Chimica, 35 Ciclo.
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The atmospheric corrosion of modern and historic alloys used in cultural heritage has been investigated by applying specific accelerated ageing methods. Three main research lines were carried out, involving different materials. In the first part, the atmospheric corrosion of a modern Cu-3Si-1Mn bronze was investigated through accelerated ageing tests simulating outdoor runoff conditions. The corrosion processes were evaluated through different analyses, and the results obtained were compared to those of a traditional quaternary bronze. The second line was carried out to characterise historic aluminium alloys used in aeronautics to develop and apply innovative protection strategies for their conservation. Historic wrecks were identified and characterised through micro and macroscale observations. Moreover, accelerated ageing tests were performed on both historic and modern alloys to compare their behaviour and select the best modern substrate to be used for the development of effective coatings. The third research line aimed to develop accelerate sampling and ageing methods to investigate the role of particulate matter (PM) in the atmospheric corrosion of bronzes and metals in general. The first approach consisted in the fine-tuning of an efficient accelerated method for ambient PM sampling on bronze specimens followed by their accelerated ageing, in order to establish a correlation between the PM and the substrate’s corrosion. After the accelerated ageing of the specimens, the corrosion was evaluated by surface characterisation and correlated to the PM features. The second approach consisted in the development of a synthetic PM formulation and of an artificial deposition method, which was performed by spraying mixtures containing the main PM inorganic fractions on a G-85 bronze with an airbrush. The deposition efficiency was assessed, and the effect of synthetic PM on the bronze corrosion was evaluated. The results were compared to those obtained by ambient PM deposition.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Velino, Cecilia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Atmospheric corrosion - particulate matter - accelerated ageing
Data di discussione
19 Giugno 2023

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