First steps in underwater photogrammetry with the support of an unmanned underwater vehicle

Carello, Mattia (2023) First steps in underwater photogrammetry with the support of an unmanned underwater vehicle, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria civile, chimica, ambientale e dei materiali, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10936.
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The evolution of modern and increasingly sensitive image sensors, the increasingly compact design of the cameras, and the recent emergence of low-cost cameras allowed the Underwater Photogrammetry to become an infallible and irreplaceable technique used to estimate the structure of the seabed with high accuracy. Within this context, the main topic of this work is the Underwater Photogrammetry from a geomatic point of view and all the issues associated with its implementation, in particular with the support of Unmanned Underwater Vehicles. Questions such as: how does the technique work, what is needed to deal with a proper survey, what tools are available to apply this technique, and how to resolve uncertainties in measurement will be the subject of this thesis. The study conducted can be divided into two major parts: one devoted to several ad-hoc surveys and tests, thus a practical part, another supported by the bibliographical research. However the main contributions are related to the experimental section, in which two practical case studies are carried out in order to improve the quality of the underwater survey of some calibration platforms. The results obtained from these two experiments showed that, the refractive effects due to water and underwater housing can be compensated by the distortion coefficients in the camera model, but if the aim is to achieve high accuracy then a model that takes into account the configuration of the underwater housing, based on ray tracing, must also be coupled. The major contributions that this work brought are: an overview of the practical issues when performing surveys exploiting an UUV prototype, a method to reach a reliable accuracy in the 3D reconstructions without the use of an underwater local geodetic network, a guide for who addresses underwater photogrammetry topics for the first time, and the use of open-source environments.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Carello, Mattia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
SfM, Underwater Photogrammetry, Camera Calibration, UUV, Ray Tracing, Underwater Positioning, Wet Camera Calibration, Underwater Positioning
Data di discussione
15 Giugno 2023

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