Seismic vulnerability of buildings and non-structural elements: insights from the 2011 Lorca earthquake

Navas Sanchez, Laura Araceli (2023) Seismic vulnerability of buildings and non-structural elements: insights from the 2011 Lorca earthquake, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria civile, chimica, ambientale e dei materiali, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10932.
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This PhD dissertation presents a profound study of the vulnerability of buildings and non-structural elements stemming from the investigation of the Mw 5.2 Lorca 2011 earthquake; which constitutes one of the most significant earthquakes in Spain. It left nine fatalities due to falling debris from reinforced concrete buildings, 394 injured and material damage valued at 800 million euros. Within this framework, the most relevant initiatives concerning the vulnerability of buildings and the exposure of Lorca are studied. This work revealed two lines of research: the elaboration of a rational method to determine the adequacy of a specific fragility curve for the particular seismic risk study of a region; and the relevance of researching the seismic performance of non-structural elements. As a consequence, firstly, a method to assess and select fragility curves for seismic risk studies from the catalogue of those available in the literature is elaborated and calibrated by means of a case study. The said methodology is based on a multidimensional index and provides a ranking that classifies the curves in terms of adequacy. Its results for the case of Lorca led to the elaboration of new fragility curves for unreinforced masonry buildings. Moreover, a simplified method to account for the unpredictable directionality of the seism in the creation of fragility curves is contributed. Secondly, the characterisation of the seismic capacity and demand of the non-structural elements that caused most of the human losses is studied. Concerning the capacity, an analytical approach derived from theoretical considerations to characterise the complete out-of-plane seismic response curve of unreinforced masonry cantilever walls is provided; as well as a simplified and more practical trilinear version of it. Concerning the demand, several methods for characterising the Floor Response Spectra of reinforced concrete buildings are tested through case studies.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Navas Sanchez, Laura Araceli
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Seismic vulnerability, fragility curves, non-structural elements, capacity curves, unreinforced masonry cantilever walls, unreinforced masonry buildings, reinforced concrete buildings, floor response spectra
Data di discussione
16 Giugno 2023

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