Novel prototypes of electro-activated molecular machines

Andreoni, Leonardo (2023) Novel prototypes of electro-activated molecular machines, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Nanoscienze per la medicina e per l'ambiente, 35 Ciclo.
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The work presented in this thesis deals with the investigation of new prototypes of molecular machines, based on rotaxane and pseudorotaxane architectures, by means of voltammetric and spectroscopic techniques. The discussion is divided in two parts. Part I concerns the investigation of electro-switchable molecular muscles, based on mechanically interlocked molecules. This study is performed on systems of increasing complexity, starting from [2]rotaxanes and arriving to polymers. In Chapters 3 and 4, [2]- and [3]rotaxanes, characterized by the presence of three stations for the macrocycle(s), are investigated. In both systems, the macrocycle(s) movement can be controlled through a combination of stimuli, resulting in a processive and directional motion. In Chapter 5, daisy chain rotaxanes, dimers of the [2]rotaxanes discussed in Chapter 3, are investigated. These systems can be switched between an extended and a contracted conformation, and they represent the monomeric units for the realization of polymeric molecular muscles. In Chapter 6, the properties of electro-switchable polymeric molecular muscles, composed by the daisy chains investigated in Chapter 5, are discussed. The repeating units of these poly-daisy chains contract and extend upon electrical stimulation, and this motion is expected to be transmitted to the polymer itself, resulting in an amplification of the effect. Part II concerns the investigation of rotaxanes and pseduorotaxanes based on heteroditopic calix[6]arenes and cationic guests. In Chapters 8 and 9, novel calix[6]arene macrocycles, functionalized with thiourea or dansyl units, and their related pseudorotaxanes are investigated. In both cases, the calix[6]arene functionalization adds new features to the pseudorotaxane. In Chapters 10 and 11, the influence of orientational isomerism on the properties of [2]- and [3]rotaxanes is investigated. The [3]rotaxanes discussed in Chapter 10 display similar properties, while the [2]rotaxanes described in Chapter 11, characterized by a calix[6]arene and a stilbazolium unit, exhibit distinct photophysical and photochemical properties.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Andreoni, Leonardo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Supramolecular Chemistry, Photochemistry, Electrochemistry, Molecular Machines, Rotaxanes, Pseudorotaxanes, Molecular Muscles
Data di discussione
23 Giugno 2023

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