Network assimilation methodology and sectorization of water distribution systems by graph mining and optimization algorithm

Zingali, Lorenzo Carmelo (2023) Network assimilation methodology and sectorization of water distribution systems by graph mining and optimization algorithm, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria civile, chimica, ambientale e dei materiali, 35 Ciclo.
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Water Distribution Networks (WDNs) play a vital importance rule in communities, ensuring well-being band supporting economic growth and productivity. The need for greater investment requires design choices will impact on the efficiency of management in the coming decades. This thesis proposes an algorithmic approach to address two related problems:(i) identify the fundamental asset of large WDNs in terms of main infrastructure;(ii) sectorize large WDNs into isolated sectors in order to respect the minimum service to be guaranteed to users. Two methodologies have been developed to meet these objectives and subsequently they were integrated to guarantee an overall process which allows to optimize the sectorized configuration of WDN taking into account the needs to integrated in a global vision the two problems (i) and (ii). With regards to the problem (i), the methodology developed introduces the concept of primary network to give an answer with a dual approach, of connecting main nodes of WDN in terms of hydraulic infrastructures (reservoirs, tanks, pumps stations) and identifying hypothetical paths with the minimal energy losses. This primary network thus identified can be used as an initial basis to design the sectors. The sectorization problem (ii) has been faced using optimization techniques by the development of a new dedicated Tabu Search algorithm able to deal with real case studies of WDNs. For this reason, three new large WDNs models have been developed in order to test the capabilities of the algorithm on different and complex real cases. The developed methodology also allows to automatically identify the deficient parts of the primary network and dynamically includes new edges in order to support a sectorized configuration of the WDN. The application of the overall algorithm to the new real case studies and to others from literature has given applicable solutions even in specific complex situations.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Zingali, Lorenzo Carmelo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Water distribution network, Primary Network, Sectorization, Isolated DMA, Tabu Search, Graph theory
Data di discussione
15 Giugno 2023

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