Mechanical design and hybrid control strategies for overconstrained cable-driven parallel robots

Mattioni, Valentina (2023) Mechanical design and hybrid control strategies for overconstrained cable-driven parallel robots, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Meccanica e scienze avanzate dell'ingegneria, 35 Ciclo.
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Cable-driven parallel robots offer significant advantages in terms of workspace dimensions and payload capability. They are attractive for many industrial tasks to be performed on a large scale, such as handling and manufacturing, without a substantial increase in costs and mechanical complexity with respect to a small-scale application. However, since cables can only sustain tensile stresses, cable tensions must be kept within positive limits during the end-effector motion. This problem can be managed by overconstraining the end-effector and controlling cable tensions. Tension control is typically achieved by mounting a load sensor on all cables, and using specific control algorithms to avoid cable slackness or breakage while the end-effector is controlled in a desired position. These algorithms require multiple cascade control loops and they can be complex and computationally demanding. To simplify the control of overconstrained cable-driven parallel robots, this Thesis proposes suitable mechanical design and hybrid control strategies. It is shown how a convenient design of the cable guidance system allows kinematic modeling to be simplified, without introducing geometric approximations. This guidance system employs swiveling pulleys equipped with position and tension sensors and provides a parallelogram arrangement of cables. Furthermore, a hybrid force/position control in the robot joint space is adopted. According to this strategy, a particular set of cables is chosen to be tension-controlled, whereas the other cables are length-controlled. The force-controlled cables are selected based on the computation of a novel index called force-distribution sensitivity to cable-tension errors. This index aims to evaluate the maximum expected cable-tension error in the length-controlled cables if a unit tension error is committed in the force-controlled cables. In practice, the computation of the force-distribution sensitivity allows determining which cables are best to be force-controlled, to ensure the lowest error in the overall force distribution when a hybrid force/position joint-space strategy is used.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Mattioni, Valentina
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
overconstrained cable-driven parallel robots, force-distribution sensitivity, mechanical design, cable guidance system, hybrid joint-space control
Data di discussione
29 Marzo 2023

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