Active control of sound radiated by vibrating surfaces on a McLaren supercar

Tira, Anna (2023) Active control of sound radiated by vibrating surfaces on a McLaren supercar, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Automotive per una mobilità intelligente, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10711.
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Sound radiators based on forced vibrations of plates are becoming widely employed, mainly for active sound enhancement and noise cancelling systems, both in music and automotive environment. Active sound enhancement solutions based on electromagnetic shakers hence find increasing interest. Mostly diffused applications deal with active noise control (ANC) and active vibration control systems for improving the acoustic experience inside or outside the vehicle. This requires investigating vibrational and, consequently, vibro-acoustic characteristics of vehicles. Therefore, simulation and processing methods capable of reducing the calculation time and providing high-accuracy results, are strongly demanded. In this work, an ideal case study on rectangular plates in fully clamped conditions preceded a real case analysis on vehicle panels. The sound radiation generated by a vibrating flat or shallow surface can be calculated by means of Rayleigh’s integral. The analytical solution of the problem is here calculated implementing the equations in MATLAB. Then, the results are compared with a numerical model developed in COMSOL Multiphysics, employing Finite Element Method (FEM). A very good matching between analytical and numerical solutions is shown, thus the cross validation of the two methods is achieved. The shift to the real case study, on a McLaren super car, led to the development of a mixed analytical-numerical method. Optimum results were obtained with mini shakers excitement, showing good matching of the recorded SPL with the calculated one over all the selected frequency band. In addition, a set of directivity measurements of the hood were realized, to start studying the spatiality of sound, which is fundamental to active noise control systems.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Tira, Anna
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
sound enhancement, vibroacoustic, vibrating panels, electrodynamic shakers, modal analysis, flat radiators, Rayleigh integral, exponential sine sweep
Data di discussione
24 Marzo 2023

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