Anatomical biomarkers of body composition in oncological population: application and development of artificial intelligences

Battisti, Sofia (2023) Anatomical biomarkers of body composition in oncological population: application and development of artificial intelligences, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Oncologia, ematologia e patologia, 35 Ciclo.
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In the Era of precision medicine and big medical data sharing, it is necessary to solve the work-flow of digital radiological big data in a productive and effective way. In particular, nowadays, it is possible to extract information “hidden” in digital images, in order to create diagnostic algorithms helping clinicians to set up more personalized therapies, which are in particular targets of modern oncological medicine. Digital images generated by the patient have a “texture” structure that is not visible but encrypted; it is “hidden” because it cannot be recognized by sight alone. Thanks to artificial intelligence, pre- and post-processing software and generation of mathematical calculation algorithms, we could perform a classification based on non-visible data contained in radiological images. Being able to calculate the volume of tissue body composition could lead to creating clasterized classes of patients inserted in standard morphological reference tables, based on human anatomy distinguished by gender and age, and maybe in future also by race. Furthermore, the branch of “morpho-radiology" is a useful modality to solve problems regarding personalized therapies, which is particularly needed in the oncological field. Actually oncological therapies are no longer based on generic drugs but on target personalized therapy. The lack of gender and age therapies table could be filled thanks to morpho-radiology data analysis application.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Battisti, Sofia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
artificial intelligences
Data di discussione
16 Giugno 2023

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