Study of materials and interphases for electrochemical energy storage from renewable sources

Lacarbonara, Giampaolo (2023) Study of materials and interphases for electrochemical energy storage from renewable sources, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Nanoscienze per la medicina e per l'ambiente, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10682.
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Batteries should be refined depending on their application for a future in which the sustainable energy demand increases. On the one hand, it is fundamental to improve their safety, prevent failures, increase energy density, and reduce production costs. On the other hand, new battery materials and architecture are required to satisfy the growing demand. This thesis explores different electrochemical energy storage systems and new methodologies to investigate complex and dynamic processes. Lithium-ion batteries are described in all their cell components. In these systems, this thesis investigates negative electrodes. Both the development of new sustainable materials and new in situ electrode characterization methods were explored. One strategy to achieve high-energy systems is employing lithium metal anodes. In this framework, ammonium hexafluorophosphate is demonstrated to be a suitable additive for stabilizing the interphase and preventing uncontrolled dendritic deposition. Deposition/stripping cycles, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, in situ optical microscopy, and operando confocal Raman spectroscopy have been used to study lithium metal-electrolyte interphase in the presence of the additive. Redox Flow Batteries (RFBs) are proposed as a sustainable alternative for stationary applications. An all-copper aqueous RFB (CuRFB) has been studied in all its aspects. For the electrolyte optimization, spectro-electrochemical tests in diluted solution have been used to get information on the electrolyte’s electrochemical behaviour with different copper complexes distributions. In concentrated solutions, the effects of copper-to-ligand ratios, the concentration, and the counter-ion of the complexing agent were evaluated. Electrode thermal treatment was optimized, finding a compromise between the electrochemical performance and the carbon footprint. On the membrane side, a new method for permeability studies was designed using scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The Cu(II) permeability of several membranes was tested, obtaining direct visualization of Cu(II) concentration in space. Also, two spectrophotometric approaches were designed for SoC monitoring systems for negative and positive half-cells.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Lacarbonara, Giampaolo
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Batteries, electrochemical energy storage systems, Lithium-ion batteries, LiB, sustainable materials, interphase, Redox Flow Batteries, RFB
Data di discussione
23 Marzo 2023

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