Solid state micro and nanopore sensors for single entity detection

Salehirozveh, Mostafa (2023) Solid state micro and nanopore sensors for single entity detection, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Fisica, 35 Ciclo.
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A general description of the work presented in this thesis can be divided into three areas of interest: micropore fabrication, nanopore modification, and their applications. The first part of the thesis is related to the novel, reliable, cost-effective, potable, mass-productive, robust, and ease of use micropore flowcell that works based on the RPS technique. Based on our first goal, which was finding an alternate materials and processes that would shorten production times while lowering costs and improving signal quality, the polyimide film was used as a substrate to create precise pores by femtosecond laser, and the resulting current blockades of different sizes of the nanoparticles were recorded. Based on the results, the device can detecting nano-sized particles by changing the current level. The experimental and theoretical investigation, scanning electron microscopy, and focus ion beam were performed to explain the micropore's performance. The second goal was design and fabrication of a leak-free, easy-to-assemble, and portable polymethyl methacrylate flowcell for nanopore experiments. Here, ion current rectification was studied in our nanodevice. We showed a self-assembly-based, controllable, and monitorable in situ Poly(l-lysine)- g-poly(ethylene glycol) coating method under voltage-driven electrolyte flow and electrostatic interaction between nanopore walls and PLL backbones. Using designed nanopore flowcell and in situ monolayer PLL-g-PEG functionalized 20±4 nm SiN nanopores, we observed non-sticky α-1 anti-trypsin protein translocation. additionally, we could show the enhancement of translocation events through this non-sticky nanopore, and also, estimate the volume of the translocated protein. In this study, by comparing the AAT protein translocation results from functionalized and non-functionalized nanopore we demonstrated the 105 times dwell time reduction (31-0.59ms), 25% amplitude enhancement (0.24-0.3 nA), and 15 times event’s number increase (1-15events/s) after functionalization in 1×PBS at physiological pH. Also, the AAT protein volume was measured, close to the calculated AAT protein hydrodynamic volume and previous reports.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Salehirozveh, Mostafa
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
solid state, micropore, nanopore, protein, nanoparticle, flowcell, detection, Polystyrene, polyimide, resistive pulse sensing, silicon nitride, Alpha-1 antitrypsin, AAT, pll-g-peg, Self-assembly, ion current rectification, SiN, biosensor, RPS
Data di discussione
15 Giugno 2023

Altri metadati

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