Diversified applications of supplemental LED light for greenhouse tomato production in the Mediterranean context

Appolloni, Elisa (2023) Diversified applications of supplemental LED light for greenhouse tomato production in the Mediterranean context, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10589.
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Among the various aspects to be investigated for a technological and productive upgrade of tomato greenhouse production in the Mediterranean area, the application of supplementary LED interlighting still shows limited interest. However, high-density tomato cultivation with intensive high-wire systems could lead to mutual shading and consequent reduction in photosynthesis and yield, even in case of appreciable amounts of external solar radiation, as in Southern Europe. Applications of interest could also involve off-season production or Building-Integrated Agriculture (BIA) such as rooftop greenhouses, where municipal regulations for structure and fire safety could limit the incoming radiation in the growing area. The aim of this research was to investigate diversified applications of supplemental LED interlighting for greenhouse tomato production (Solanum lycopersicum) in the Mediterranean countries. The diversified applications included: effects on post-harvest quality, shading reduction in BIA, tailored seedlings production, and off-season cultivation. The results showed that the application of supplemental LED light on greenhouse-grown tomato in Mediterranean countries (Italy and Spain) has potential to foster diverse applications. In particular, it can increase production in case of the limited solar radiation in rooftop greenhouses, maintain quality and reduce losses during post-harvest, help producing high quality and tailored seedlings, and increase yield during wintertime. Despite the positive results obtained, some aspects of the application of additional LED light in Southern Europe countries still need to be deepened and improved. In particular, given the current increase of electricity cost, future research should focus on more economically valuable methods of managing supplemental lighting, such as the application of shorter photoperiods or lower intensities, or techniques that can provide energy savings such as the pulsed light.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Appolloni, Elisa
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Solanum lycopersicum, greenhouse, Building-Integrated Agriculture, post-harvest, seedlings
Data di discussione
15 Marzo 2023

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