A phase II, single arm study of CarbopLatin plus Etoposide with Bevacizumab and Atezolizumab in patients with exTEnded-disease small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) – CeLEBrATE trial

Lamberti, Giuseppe (2023) A phase II, single arm study of CarbopLatin plus Etoposide with Bevacizumab and Atezolizumab in patients with exTEnded-disease small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) – CeLEBrATE trial, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Oncologia, ematologia e patologia, 35 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10516.
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Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive neuroendocrine tumor diagnosed at extended disease SCLC (ES-SCLC) stage in about 70% of cases. The new standard of treatment for patients with ES-SCLC is a combination of platinum-etoposide chemotherapy and atezolizumab or durvalumab, two programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitory monoclonal antibodies (mAb). However, the benefit derived from the addition of PD-L1 inhibitors to chemotherapy in ES-SCLC was limited and restricted to a subset of patients. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the most important pro-angiogenic factor implicated in cancer angiogenesis, which is abundant in SCLC and associated with poor prognosis. Antiangiogenic agents, such as bevacizumab, a humanized mAb against VEGF, added to platinum-etoposide chemotherapy improved progression-free survival in SCLC in two trials, but it did not translate into a benefit in overall survival. Nevertheless, VEGF has also acts as a mediator of an immunosuppressive microenvironment and its inhibition can revert the immune-suppressive tumor microenvironment and potentially enhance the efficacy of immunotherapies. Based on available preclinical data, we hypothesized that VEGF inhibition by bevacizumab could improve atezolizumab efficacy in a synergistic way and designed a phase II single-arm trial of bevacizumab in combination with carboplatin, etoposide, and atezolizumab as first-line treatment in ES-SCLC. The trial, which is still ongoing, enrolled 53 patients, including those with treated or untreated asymptomatic brain metastases (provided criteria are met), who received atezolizumab, bevacizumab, carboplatin and etoposide for 4-6 cycles (induction phase), followed by maintenance with atezolizumab and bevacizumab for a maximum of 18 total cycles or until disease progression, patient refusal, unacceptable toxicity. The evaluation of efficacy of the experimental combination in terms of 1-year overall survival rate is not yet mature (primary objective of the trial). The combination was feasible and the toxicity profile manageable (secondary objective of the trial).

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Lamberti, Giuseppe
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
small-cell lung cancer; immunotherapy; angiogenesis; clinical trial; medical oncology
Data di discussione
6 Aprile 2023

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