Evaluation of clinical implications correlate to genetic polymorphisms and pharmacokinetic of transdermal fentanyl

Ricci, Marianna (2023) Evaluation of clinical implications correlate to genetic polymorphisms and pharmacokinetic of transdermal fentanyl, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Oncologia, ematologia e patologia, 35 Ciclo.
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ABSTRACT Background:Strong opioids are the treatment of choice for moderate to severe cancer-related pain. Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid with high affinity for the μ-opioid receptor and is 75–100 times more potent than morphine. Fentanyl is metabolised rapidly, particularly in the liver and only 10% is excreted as intact substance. The use of CYP3A4 inhibitors and inducers, impaired liver function, and heating of the patch potentially influence fentanyl pharmacokinetics in a clinically relevant way. The influence of BMI and gender on fentanyl pharmacokinetics is questionable. Pharmacogenetic, may influence fentanyl pharmacokinetic and other factors have been studied but did not show significant and clinically relevant effects on fentanyl pharmacokinetic. Method: This is a biological interventional prospective, single-center study in 49 patients with solid or haematological neoplasm treated with transdermal fentanyl undergoing 5-step pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenetic withdrawals from administration of the fentanyl patch. Objective:to evaluate the pharmacokinetic and pharmacogenetic of transdermal fentanyl in relation to the patient's clinical response on pain Results: Sex was the only parameter with evidence of different distribution between responders and non-responders , showing a major chance for male to be responders than females. We found some correlation with pharmacokinetic parameters and sex, regarding adverse events and NRS correlation with BPI. NAT2 and UGT2B7 polymorphisms are associated with AUC and Cmax kinetics parameters, NAT2 and CYP4F2 showed some evidence of association with the fentanyl dosage and CYP2B6 polymorphism seemed to be correlate with side effects. Conclusion: Small sample size of study population make difficult do find some significant correlation between pharmacogenetic, pharmacokinetic and clinical response. Larger studies are needed to increase knowledge about response to opioid treatment in cancer patients to better individualized pain treatment.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Ricci, Marianna
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
fentanyl, cancer pain, pharmacogenetic, polymorphism, pharmacokinetic
Data di discussione
6 Aprile 2023

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