New perspectives of genetic disorders in cattle

Goncalves Pontes Jacinto, Joana (2022) New perspectives of genetic disorders in cattle, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze veterinarie, 34 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10418.
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In the last decades a negative trend in inbreeding has accompanied the evident improvement in productivity and performance of bovine domestic population, predisposing to the occurrence of recessively inherited disorders. The objectives of this thesis were: a) the study of genetic diseases applying a “forward genetic approach” (FGA); b) the estimation of the prevalence of deleterious alleles responsible for eight recessive disorders in different breeds; c) the collection of well-characterized materials in a Biobank for Bovine Genetic Disorders. The FGA allowed the identification of seven new recessive deleterious variants (Paunch calf syndrome - KDM2B; Congenital cholesterol deficiency - APOB; Ichthyosis congenita - FA2H; Hypotrichosis - KRT71; Hypotrichosis - HEPHL1; Achromatopsia - CNGB3; Hemifacial microsomia – LAMB1) and of seven new de novo dominant deleterious variants (Achondrogenesis type II - two variants in COL2A1; Osteogenesis imperfecta - COL1A1; Skeletal-cardio-enteric dysplasia - MAP2K2; Congenital neuromuscular channelopathy - KGNG1; Epidermolysis bullosa simplex - KRT5; Classical Ehlers-Danlos syndrome - COL5A2) in different breeds, associated with a large spectrum of phenotypes affecting different systems. The FGA was based on the sequence of a clinical, genealogical, gross- and/or histopathological and genomic study. In particular, a WGS trio-approach (patient, dam and sire) was applied. The prevalence of deleterious alleles was calculated for the Pseudomyotonia congenita, Paunch calf syndrome, Hemifacial microsomia, Congenital bilateral cataract, Ichthyosis congenita, Ichthyosis fetalis, Achromatopsia and Hypotrichosis. A particular concern resulted the allelic frequency of 12% for the Paunch calf syndrome in Romagnola cattle. In respect to the Biobank for Bovine Genetic Diseases, biological materials of clinical cases and their available relatives as well as controls used for the allelic frequency estimations were stored at -20 °C. Altogether, around 16.000 samples were added to the biobank.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Goncalves Pontes Jacinto, Joana
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Auricular disorders, Bovine, Biobank for Bovine Genetic Disorders, Deleterious allele frequencies, Forward genetic approach, Genodermatoses, Inherited disorders, Metabolic disorders, Neuromuscular disorders, Ocular disorders, Precision medicine, Skeletal disorders, Whole-genome sequencing
Data di discussione
16 Giugno 2022

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