Characterization of first sorption cycle of white Portland cement by 1H NMR

Nagmutdinova, Anastasiia (2022) Characterization of first sorption cycle of white Portland cement by 1H NMR, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Ingegneria civile, chimica, ambientale e dei materiali, 34 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10330.
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The work carried out is focused on the exploration of processes occurring in cement materials during sorption cycles by using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) relaxometry. Long (months) and short (days-weeks) sorption cycles of cement materials were explored. The long cycle consists of around 6 months of drying and re-wetting cement samples of different sizes and water-to-cement (w/c) ratios in a homemade relative humidity (RH) chamber. Short cycles were performed by drying samples of different sizes and w/c ratios in the oven at 60 ˚C and re-wetting underwater. Different NMR techniques, such as one- and two-dimensional relaxometry and solid-signal analyses, were used to study the samples. Firstly, by the interpretation of quasi-continuous distributions of T2 relaxation time, we demonstrated that some reversible and irreversible changes concerning smaller porosity happened during the first sorption cycle. Secondly, using 2D NMR and a new 2D NMR inversion algorithm we showed preliminary results on the cement T1-T2 maps. Data obtained during sorption processes indicated possible water exchange between different pore populations inside the cement samples. Thirdly, the solid structure of cement samples was qualitatively investigated with T1 measurements and, as far as we know, for the first time interpreted with the Pake-Doublet theory. Changes in the solid structure were observed. Precisely variations of the amount of Ettringite during drying/wetting were proposed to take place. Finally, a work on NMR single-sided equipment design for in situ cement investigation was shown. The multi-cubic-blocks magnet structure design was performed using different specific CAD software, and the magnetic fields generated by RF coils of different geometries were investigated using a customized Matlab script. The single-sided NMR instrument equipped with the designed single-sided magnet and coil was built by the ERICA partner company MR Solutions (Abingdon, UK), and the preliminary results resultsated the correctness of the developed design.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Nagmutdinova, Anastasiia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
NMR, cement, 2D NMR, single-sided NMR, sorption, Pake-Doublet, relative humidity
Data di discussione
16 Giugno 2022

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