Oli essenziali e idrolati potenziali strumenti per la lotta integrata alle batteriosi delle piante

Proto, Mariarita (2022) Oli essenziali e idrolati potenziali strumenti per la lotta integrata alle batteriosi delle piante, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze e tecnologie agrarie, ambientali e alimentari, 34 Ciclo.
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The present work aims to investigate the potential use of natural substances against bacterial plant pathogens. Microdilution tests were therefore carried out in vitro to identify the minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) of several EOs and Hys against selected bacterial pathogens. Commercial products based on a mixture of EOs were in addition assayed with macrodilution experiments against Erwinia amylovora (Ea-causal agent of fire blight). Subsequently, using selected EOs, Hys, and commercial products, ex vivo tests on disease incidence and Ea population dynamics were carried out; the latter experiment was followed by SEM observations. In addition, in vivo resistance induction test was carried out against bacterial leaf of tomato, caused by Xanthomonas vesicatoria (Xv). EOs and Hys showed high bactericidal activity in vitro (MBC <0.1 and <10% for the most active EOs and Hys: Origanum compactum and Thymus vulgaris EOs and Citrus aurantium var. amara Hy, respectively), but they were not effective ex vivo, while resulted very active when used in vivo as resistance inducers in the tomato-Xv pathosystem (relative protection >40%). Differently, commercial products resulted active in all tests, but not as resistance inducers against Xv. An open field trial with commercial products was carried out on strawberry plants naturally infected with Xanthomonas fragariae; the results showed discrete relative protection, concerning that provided by the conventional products based on copper; mostly, the disease severity reduction on those plants treated with EOs commercial products was significant when disease severity resulted high. The papers already published described in the present work investigate (1)the activity of Hys in comparison to EOs with respect to their active volatile content; (2) the potential use of EOs and Hys in cultural heritage; for the restoration of paintings; (3) the induction of resistance caused by plasma-activated water-based root treatments.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Proto, Mariarita
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Essential oils, Hydrolates, phytopathogens bacteria, Erwinia amylovora, Xanthomonas, cultural heritage
Data di discussione
24 Giugno 2022

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