RICORDACI: Ricerca sulla Conservazione, Restauro e Diagnosi di Film Cinematografici

Chavez Lozano, Marco Valente (2022) RICORDACI: Ricerca sulla Conservazione, Restauro e Diagnosi di Film Cinematografici, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Beni culturali e ambientali, 34 Ciclo.
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This thesis is the result of the RICORDACI project, a three-year European-funded initiative involving the collaboration between the University of Bologna and the restoration laboratory of the Cineteca di Bologna, L'immagine Ritrovata, which aimed to develop innovative solutions and technologies for the preservation of cinematographic film heritage. In particular, this thesis presents new analytical methodologies to exploit two types of portable miniaturized Near Infrared spectrometers working in Diffuse Reflectance over the Short Wave Infrared (SWIR) range, to study the near infrared (NIR) spectral behavior of film base materials for an accurate, non-invasive and fast characterization of the polymer type; and for films with cellulose acetate supports, they can be employed as a diagnostic tool for monitoring the Degree of substitution (DS) affected by the loss of acetyl groups. The proposed methods offer non-invasive, fast, inexpensive and simple alternatives for the characterization and diagnosis of film bases to help the strategic planning and decision-making regarding storage, digitalization and intervention of film collections. Secondly, the thesis includes the evaluation of new green cleaning systems and solvents for the effective, fast and innocuous removal of undesired substances from degraded cinematographic films bases; these tests compared the efficiency of traditional systems and solvents against the new proposals. Firstly, the use of Deep Eutectic Solvent formulations for removing softened gelatin residues from cellulose nitrate bases; and secondly, the employment of green volatile solvents with different application methods, including the use of new electrospun nylon mats, for avoiding the dangerous use of friction for the removal of Triphenyl Phosphate blooms from the surface of cellulose acetate bases. The results obtained will help improving the efficiency of the interventions needed before the digitalization of historical cinematographic films and will pave the way for further investigation on the use of green solvents for cleaning polymeric heritage objects.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Chavez Lozano, Marco Valente
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Cinematographic film conservation, restoration, Near Infrared NIR, SWIR, μATR-FTIR, Triphenyl Phosphate, gelatin, Cellulose Acetate, Cellulose Nitrate, Deep Eutectic Solvents DES, cleaning, electrospinning fibers, Green Solvents, Conservation Science, Cultural Heritage
Data di discussione
30 Giugno 2022

Altri metadati

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