Neuroprotective role of nutraceutical and phytochemical components

Freschi, Michela (2022) Neuroprotective role of nutraceutical and phytochemical components, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienza e cultura del benessere e degli stili di vita, 34 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10233.
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Neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) are characterized by a multifactorial etiology, in which oxidative stress and inflammation are the main causative factors. For this reason, increasing attention is being paid to the characterization and the identification of nutraceuticals and phytochemicals with intrinsic pleiotropic activity. Moreover, in a Circular Economy perspective, these natural compounds can be obtained also from renewable resources derived from the food industry by-products and can be used for both preventive and therapeutic purposes. The aim of this PhD program was to identify nutraceuticals and phytochemicals, both as extracts and pure compounds, and obtained from both plant and renewable sources, which due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, were able to counteract cellular and molecular alterations that characterize NDs. Their neuroprotective potential has been evaluated in an in vitro model of neuroinflammation (the LPS-activated BV-2 microglial cell line), and/or in an in vitro model of neuronal oxidative stress (the neuron-like SH-SY5Y cell line differentiated with retinoic acid and exposed to H2O2). Four different projects, although deeply linked by the aforementioned common goal, have been discussed in this thesis: 1_ Impact of phenolic profile of different cherry cultivars on the potential neuroprotective effect in SH-SY5Y cells. 2_Anti-inflammatory activities of Spilanthol-rich essential oil from Acmella oleracea (L.). 3_Study of the anti-inflammatory activity of novel tacrine derivatives with lipids extracted from cashew nutshell liquid. 4_Coffee Silverskin (CSS) and Spent Coffee Grounds (SCG): coffee industry by-products as a promising source of neuroprotective agents. In general, it is, therefore, possible to conclude that the natural compounds studied in this thesis have been proven, due to their antioxidant and/or anti-inflammatory properties, to be valid preventive and therapeutic strategies for the treatment of NDs, to improve the life quality of these patients and of the general population by preventing and combating the onset of these deleterious diseases.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Freschi, Michela
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Neurodegenerative diseases - oxidative stress - inflammation - neuroprotection - nutraceuticals - phytochemicals - by-products - Circular Economy
Data di discussione
15 Giugno 2022

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