Development of new chemical entities to target neuroinflammatory pathways.

Albertini, Claudia (2022) Development of new chemical entities to target neuroinflammatory pathways., [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Scienze biotecnologiche, biocomputazionali, farmaceutiche e farmacologiche, 34 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10171.
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Neuroinflammatory pathways are main culprits of neurodegenerative diseases' onset and progression, including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). On this basis, several anti-inflammatory drugs were repurposed in clinical trials. However, they have failed, probably because neuroinflammation is a complex network, still not fully understood. From these evidences, this thesis focused on the design and synthesis of new chemical entities as potential neuroinflammatory drugs or chemical probes. Projects 1 and 2 aimed to multi-target-directed ligand (MTDL) development to target neuroinflammation in AD. Polypharmacology by MTDLs is considered one of the most promising strategies to face the multifactorial nature of neurodegenerative diseases. Particularly, Project 1 took inspiration from a cromolyn-ibuprofen drug combination polypharmacological approach, which was recently investigated in AD clinical trials. Based on that, two cromolyn-(S)-ibuprofen codrug series were designed and synthesized. Parent drugs were combined via linking or fusing strategies in 1:2 or 1:1 ratio, by means of hydrolyzable bonds. Project 2 started from a still ongoing AD clinical trial on investigational drug neflamapimod. It is a selective inhibitor of p38α-MAPK, a kinase strictly involved in neuroinflammatory pathways. On the other side, rasagiline, an anti-Parkinson drug, was also repurposed as AD treatment. Indeed, rasagiline’s propargylamine fragment demonstrated to be responsible not only for the MAO-B selective inhibition, but also for the neuroprotective activity. Thus, to synergistically combine these two effects into single-molecules, a small set of neflamapimod-rasagiline hybrids was developed. In the end BMX, a poorly investigated kinase, which seems to be involved in pro-inflammatory mediator production, was explored for the development of new chemical probes. High-quality chemical probes are a powerful tool in target validation and starting points for the development of new drug candidates. Thus, Project 3 focused on the design and synthesis of two series of optimized BMX covalent inhibitors as selective chemical probes.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Albertini, Claudia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Medicinal Chemistry, Drug Discovery, Neurodegeneration, Neuroinflammation, Neuroprotection, Polypharmacology
Data di discussione
17 Giugno 2022

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