Nickel dependent carcinogenesis and infections: structural and biophysical characterization of NDRG1 and SgSrnR

Beniamino, Ylenia (2022) Nickel dependent carcinogenesis and infections: structural and biophysical characterization of NDRG1 and SgSrnR, [Dissertation thesis], Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna. Dottorato di ricerca in Biologia cellulare e molecolare, 34 Ciclo. DOI 10.48676/unibo/amsdottorato/10161.
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In prokaryotic organisms, lower eukaryotes and plants, some important biological reactions are catalyzed by nickel-dependent enzymes, making this metal ion essential microelement for their life. On the other hand, excessive concentration of nickel into the cell, or prolonged exposure to nickel compounds, has toxic effects in living organisms. In addition, nickel has been classified by IARC as Group I human carcinogen, because of the correlation between its inhalation and increased incidence of nasal and lung cancers. The aim of this work was to investigate the nickel impact on human health, considering both its direct role on human cells and its indirect effect as essential element for human important bacteria. In humans, nickel induces N-myc downstream regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) expression, recently proposed as new target in cancer therapy. CD, light scattering and ITC were applied on the recombinant full-length protein and its C-terminal intrinsically disordered domain, for studying the NDRG1 structural and functional properties. In particular, the fold and dynamics of the C-terminal region were examined by NMR spectroscopy and site-directed spin labeling coupled to EPR, showing the features of an intrinsically disordered region. In nickel-dependent bacteria, nickel metabolism is strictly regulated, through the activity of different transcription factors. In Streptomyces griseus the expression of two superoxide dismutases (SODs) is antagonistically regulated by nickel thanks to the transcriptional complex SgSrnR/SgSrnQ. The SgSrnR protein was heterologously expressed and its activity as possible nickel sensor studied. DNaseI footprinting and β-galactosidase gene reporter assays revealed that SgSrnR functions as transcriptional activator, prompting the hypothesis of a new model to describe the activity of this complex. In addition, ITC, NMR and X-ray crystallography demonstrated that SgSrnR presents the fold typical of ArsR/SmtB transcription factors and low metal binding affinity, non compatible with a role as a nickel-sensor, function probably played by its partner SgSrnQ.

Tipologia del documento
Tesi di dottorato
Beniamino, Ylenia
Dottorato di ricerca
Settore disciplinare
Settore concorsuale
Parole chiave
Nickel homeostasis, nickel sensing, circular dichroism, NMR spectroscopy, EPR spectroscopy, light scattering, IDP, calorimetry, transcriptional regulation
Data di discussione
4 Luglio 2022

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